CsH5(PO4)2/quartz fiber thin membranes for intermediate temperature fuel cells and electrochemical synthesis of ammonia

Geletu Qing, Kazuya Sukegawa, Ryuji Kikuchi, Atsushi Takagaki, Shigeo Ted Oyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: In this study, CsH5(PO4)2/quartz fiber thin membranes with thicknesses varying from 70 to 150 μm were prepared by a simple impregnation method and were tested as an electrolyte for fuel cell and electrolytic cell applications. The membranes consisted of a physical dispersion of CsH5(PO4)2 in the quartz fiber matrix. The crystalline structure and thermal behavior of CsH5(PO4)2 were not influenced by the quartz fiber. The membrane showed a high conductivity of 33 mS cm−1 at 180–250 °C under 30% H2O/Ar atmosphere. In addition, the membranes had area-specific resistances of 0.32 and 0.73 Ω cm2, for corresponding thicknesses of 70 and 150 μm, which are sufficiently low values compared with those of pellet-type electrolytes. The membrane showed stable conductivity at 220 °C under 30% H2O/Ar atmosphere for 20 h. A fuel cell assembled with the membrane exhibited an open-circuit voltage of 0.93 V and peak power densities of 105 and 72 mW cm−2, for corresponding thicknesses of 70 and 150 μm. In addition, ammonia was successfully synthesized from humidified hydrogen and nitrogen under atmospheric pressure in an electrolytic cell assembled with the membrane. An ammonia formation rate of 2.8 × 10−10 mol cm−2 s−1 and a Faradaic efficiency of 0.09% were obtained at 220 °C when the applied voltage was 0.05 V. With the increase of the applied voltage, both ammonia formation rate and Faradaic efficiency decreased rapidly. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-814
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Electrochemistry
Volume47
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Quartz
Ammonia
Fuel cells
Membranes
Fibers
Electrolytic cells
Temperature
Electrolytes
Electric potential
Open circuit voltage
Impregnation
Atmospheric pressure
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Crystalline materials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

CsH5(PO4)2/quartz fiber thin membranes for intermediate temperature fuel cells and electrochemical synthesis of ammonia. / Qing, Geletu; Sukegawa, Kazuya; Kikuchi, Ryuji; Takagaki, Atsushi; Oyama, Shigeo Ted.

In: Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, Vol. 47, No. 7, 01.07.2017, p. 803-814.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Abstract: In this study, CsH5(PO4)2/quartz fiber thin membranes with thicknesses varying from 70 to 150 μm were prepared by a simple impregnation method and were tested as an electrolyte for fuel cell and electrolytic cell applications. The membranes consisted of a physical dispersion of CsH5(PO4)2 in the quartz fiber matrix. The crystalline structure and thermal behavior of CsH5(PO4)2 were not influenced by the quartz fiber. The membrane showed a high conductivity of 33 mS cm−1 at 180–250 °C under 30{\%} H2O/Ar atmosphere. In addition, the membranes had area-specific resistances of 0.32 and 0.73 Ω cm2, for corresponding thicknesses of 70 and 150 μm, which are sufficiently low values compared with those of pellet-type electrolytes. The membrane showed stable conductivity at 220 °C under 30{\%} H2O/Ar atmosphere for 20 h. A fuel cell assembled with the membrane exhibited an open-circuit voltage of 0.93 V and peak power densities of 105 and 72 mW cm−2, for corresponding thicknesses of 70 and 150 μm. In addition, ammonia was successfully synthesized from humidified hydrogen and nitrogen under atmospheric pressure in an electrolytic cell assembled with the membrane. An ammonia formation rate of 2.8 × 10−10 mol cm−2 s−1 and a Faradaic efficiency of 0.09{\%} were obtained at 220 °C when the applied voltage was 0.05 V. With the increase of the applied voltage, both ammonia formation rate and Faradaic efficiency decreased rapidly. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].",
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AU - Qing, Geletu

AU - Sukegawa, Kazuya

AU - Kikuchi, Ryuji

AU - Takagaki, Atsushi

AU - Oyama, Shigeo Ted

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N2 - Abstract: In this study, CsH5(PO4)2/quartz fiber thin membranes with thicknesses varying from 70 to 150 μm were prepared by a simple impregnation method and were tested as an electrolyte for fuel cell and electrolytic cell applications. The membranes consisted of a physical dispersion of CsH5(PO4)2 in the quartz fiber matrix. The crystalline structure and thermal behavior of CsH5(PO4)2 were not influenced by the quartz fiber. The membrane showed a high conductivity of 33 mS cm−1 at 180–250 °C under 30% H2O/Ar atmosphere. In addition, the membranes had area-specific resistances of 0.32 and 0.73 Ω cm2, for corresponding thicknesses of 70 and 150 μm, which are sufficiently low values compared with those of pellet-type electrolytes. The membrane showed stable conductivity at 220 °C under 30% H2O/Ar atmosphere for 20 h. A fuel cell assembled with the membrane exhibited an open-circuit voltage of 0.93 V and peak power densities of 105 and 72 mW cm−2, for corresponding thicknesses of 70 and 150 μm. In addition, ammonia was successfully synthesized from humidified hydrogen and nitrogen under atmospheric pressure in an electrolytic cell assembled with the membrane. An ammonia formation rate of 2.8 × 10−10 mol cm−2 s−1 and a Faradaic efficiency of 0.09% were obtained at 220 °C when the applied voltage was 0.05 V. With the increase of the applied voltage, both ammonia formation rate and Faradaic efficiency decreased rapidly. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

AB - Abstract: In this study, CsH5(PO4)2/quartz fiber thin membranes with thicknesses varying from 70 to 150 μm were prepared by a simple impregnation method and were tested as an electrolyte for fuel cell and electrolytic cell applications. The membranes consisted of a physical dispersion of CsH5(PO4)2 in the quartz fiber matrix. The crystalline structure and thermal behavior of CsH5(PO4)2 were not influenced by the quartz fiber. The membrane showed a high conductivity of 33 mS cm−1 at 180–250 °C under 30% H2O/Ar atmosphere. In addition, the membranes had area-specific resistances of 0.32 and 0.73 Ω cm2, for corresponding thicknesses of 70 and 150 μm, which are sufficiently low values compared with those of pellet-type electrolytes. The membrane showed stable conductivity at 220 °C under 30% H2O/Ar atmosphere for 20 h. A fuel cell assembled with the membrane exhibited an open-circuit voltage of 0.93 V and peak power densities of 105 and 72 mW cm−2, for corresponding thicknesses of 70 and 150 μm. In addition, ammonia was successfully synthesized from humidified hydrogen and nitrogen under atmospheric pressure in an electrolytic cell assembled with the membrane. An ammonia formation rate of 2.8 × 10−10 mol cm−2 s−1 and a Faradaic efficiency of 0.09% were obtained at 220 °C when the applied voltage was 0.05 V. With the increase of the applied voltage, both ammonia formation rate and Faradaic efficiency decreased rapidly. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

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