Objective: To investigate the aetiology of Stafne's bone defects by analysing the CT findings of two types of defects, which appeared differently on panoramic radiographs. Methods: 32 lesions with suspicion of the Stafne's bone defect on a panoramic radiograph were categorised into two groups: typical "Stafne type", which showed the connection to the base of the mandible, and non-typical "Cyst type", which showed no connection. Age, sex, the existence of hypertension and the following CT findings: location, size and inner content of the defect, existence of expansion of the buccal cortical bone, and location of submandibular glands, were analysed. Results: There were 14 "Stafne type" and 17 "Cyst type" on the panoramic radiographs. One lesion in the "Cyst type" was a true cystic lesion and was excluded from further review. The "Stafne type" was seen primarily in the posterior and inferior locations, while the "Cyst type" was seen in the anterior and superior locations on the CT. The size of the defect was significantly larger in the "Stafne type". Buccal cortical expansion was observed only in three lesions in the "Stafne type". While the "Cyst type" contained mainly fatty tissue, the "Stafne type" contained other soft tissues. Though the submandibular glands on the defect side were located anteriorly in both types compared with those on the contralateral side and on the control patients, they spread mainly outwards in the "Stafne type". Conclusion: The Stafne's bone defects are thought to be caused by the dislocated submandibular gland. The differences between the two types might occur as a result of a different location of the submandibular gland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology