Current barrier membranes: Titanium mesh and other membranes for guided bone regeneration in dental applications

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

158 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research on guided bone regeneration (GBR) is still ongoing, with evidence mainly from preclinical studies. Various current barrier membranes should fulfill the main design criteria for GBR, such as biocompatibility, occlusivity, spaciousness, clinical manageability and the appropriate integration with the surrounding tissue. These GBR characteristics are required to provide the maximum membrane function and mechanical support to the tissue during bone formation. In this review, various commercially available, resorbable and non-resorbable membranes with different characteristics are discussed and summarized for their usefulness in preclinical studies. Membranes offer promising solutions in animal models; however, an ideal membrane has not been established yet for clinical applications. Every membrane type presents both advantages and disadvantages. Titanium mesh membranes offer superb mechanical properties for GBR treatment and its current efficacy in trials will be a focus in this review. A thorough understanding of the benefits and limitations inherent to various materials in specific clinical applications will be of great value and aid in the selection of an optimal membrane for GBR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-14
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

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Bone Regeneration
Titanium
Tooth
Membranes
Osteogenesis
Animal Models
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "Research on guided bone regeneration (GBR) is still ongoing, with evidence mainly from preclinical studies. Various current barrier membranes should fulfill the main design criteria for GBR, such as biocompatibility, occlusivity, spaciousness, clinical manageability and the appropriate integration with the surrounding tissue. These GBR characteristics are required to provide the maximum membrane function and mechanical support to the tissue during bone formation. In this review, various commercially available, resorbable and non-resorbable membranes with different characteristics are discussed and summarized for their usefulness in preclinical studies. Membranes offer promising solutions in animal models; however, an ideal membrane has not been established yet for clinical applications. Every membrane type presents both advantages and disadvantages. Titanium mesh membranes offer superb mechanical properties for GBR treatment and its current efficacy in trials will be a focus in this review. A thorough understanding of the benefits and limitations inherent to various materials in specific clinical applications will be of great value and aid in the selection of an optimal membrane for GBR.",
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