Background: The current status and adoption of cancer-related clinical practice guidelines in Japan has not been elucidated yet. The purpose of this study was to propose roles and suggestions to develop future cancer-related clinical guidelines. Methods: A questionnaire consisting of four domains with a total of 17 questions was developed. We distributed the questionnaire to 28 specific academic organizations in Japan which have developed any cancer-related clinical practice guidelines and which were funded by the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare. Results: Most organizations have investigated nationwide dissemination and adoption of clinical practice guidelines. The rate of adoption in clinical practice was estimated at approximately ≥ 70%. However, organizations with smaller budgets reported surveying approximately 60% of the time, whereas the ones with larger budgets reported approximately 100% success in surveying about their guidelines. The presidents of the organizations agreed that a new organization operated directly by the national government was necessary. Conclusion: In Japan, to develop cancer-related clinical practice guidelines, a study of clinical validation is necessary. Sufficient funds must be available to support the project to maintain and revise the guidelines. Furthermore, legal and ethical issues should be solved before establishing any registry system.
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