Two variant of the IL-4R α-chain (IL-4Rα) gene have been recently identified in association with different atopic disorders. To clarify the etiological relationship between the two variants, we analyzed responsiveness to IL-4 of transfectants with four kinds of IL-4Rα carrying either Val or Ile at 50 and either Gln or Arg at 551. The substitution of Ile for Val augmented STAT6 activation, proliferation, and transcription activity of the Iε promoter by IL-4, whereas that of Arg for Gln did not change these IL-4 signals. Arg551 was not associated with atopic asthma in the Japanese population. CD23 expression and IgE synthesis by IL-4 were augmented in Ile50-bearing PBMC, compared with those bearing Val50. Taken together, substitution of Arg551 does not enhance the IL-4 signal for generation of germline ε transcript, whereas the substitution of Ile50 contributes to enhancement of IgE synthesis.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy