Purpose: Much attention has been paid to nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation for the treatment of renal cancer. We recently proposed a cyclophosphamide-using nonmyeloablative cell therapy in which donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) was carried out after the tolerance induction to donor cells. In considering the clinical application of the cyclophosphamide-using cell therapy, attempts to reduce graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) are crucial. The aim of the present study was to modify the cyclophosphamide-using cell therapy to reduce the risk of GVHD while preserving the antitumor activity against renal cancer. Experimental Design: We assessed whether a delay in performing DLI from day 1 to day 5 after the cyclophosphamide treatment could reduce the risk of GVHD while preserving antitumor activity against RENCA, a murine carcinogen-induced renal cell carcinoma, in the cyclophosphamide-using cell therapy. Results: Regarding the in vivo antitumor effect, there was no difference between DLI on day 1 and day 5 after the cyclophosphamide treatment, whereas the histologic findings of the small intestine showed that the cyclophosphamide-using cell therapy with DLI on day 5 decreased the risk of GVHD. In addition, the acquired immunity against RENCA was also observed in the RENCA-rejected mice that had been treated with DLI on day 5. Conclusions: Our results show that a delay in DLI during cyclophosphamide-using nonmyeloablative cell therapy can dissociate graft-versus-tumor effects from GVHD by reducing the risk of GVHD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research