Cytogenetics of Ditelosomic Alien Addition Lines in rice (Oryza sativa L.) Each Carrying an Extra Pair of Telocentric Chromosomes of O. punctata Kotschy

Hideshi Yasui, Nobuo Iwata

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Abstract

Ditelosomic alien addition lines (DtAALs: 2n=2x + 2t) of rice each carrying a pair of telocentric chromosomes of Oryza punctata were isolated at low frequencies (2.5-11.1%) from the progenies of respective monotelosomic alien addition lines (MtAALs: 2n=2x + 1t) 7, 11 and one unidentified MtAAL. During the meiosis, the alien telocentric chromosomes of three DtAALs completely paired at the pachytene and usually separated to each daughter cell at anaphase I, giving rise to viable gametes with an alien telocentric chromosome at high frequencies. These DtAALs were characterized by stable transmission of the alien telocentric chromosome in the progenies. The transmission rates of the alien chromosome were considerably high in the DtAALs, and most plants of their self-pollinated progeny carried at least one alien telocentric chromosome. The pollen and seed fertility were different among three DtAALs. DtAAL 11 carrying a short telocentric chromosome of O. punctata showed high pollen and seed fertility similar to the disomics. The DtAALs showed relatively stable transmission of alien telocentric chromosome(s), where gametes with an extra telocentric chromosome are functional in both female and male germ cells. These suggest that small chromosome fragment with functional centromere, that is a telocentric chromosome, can be transmitted to the progenies and be stable in the next generation. High transmission rates of the alien telocentric chromosome in these DtAALs assure the efficient changes in genetic background of any recipient cultivars by backcrossing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University
Volume43
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1998

Fingerprint

Oryza punctata
telocentric chromosomes
cytogenetics
Cytogenetics
Oryza sativa
Chromosomes
rice
germ cells
Germ Cells
Pollen
Fertility
Oryza
pollen
Seeds
chromosomes
disomics
pachytene stage
backcrossing
anaphase
centromeres

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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title = "Cytogenetics of Ditelosomic Alien Addition Lines in rice (Oryza sativa L.) Each Carrying an Extra Pair of Telocentric Chromosomes of O. punctata Kotschy",
abstract = "Ditelosomic alien addition lines (DtAALs: 2n=2x + 2t) of rice each carrying a pair of telocentric chromosomes of Oryza punctata were isolated at low frequencies (2.5-11.1{\%}) from the progenies of respective monotelosomic alien addition lines (MtAALs: 2n=2x + 1t) 7, 11 and one unidentified MtAAL. During the meiosis, the alien telocentric chromosomes of three DtAALs completely paired at the pachytene and usually separated to each daughter cell at anaphase I, giving rise to viable gametes with an alien telocentric chromosome at high frequencies. These DtAALs were characterized by stable transmission of the alien telocentric chromosome in the progenies. The transmission rates of the alien chromosome were considerably high in the DtAALs, and most plants of their self-pollinated progeny carried at least one alien telocentric chromosome. The pollen and seed fertility were different among three DtAALs. DtAAL 11 carrying a short telocentric chromosome of O. punctata showed high pollen and seed fertility similar to the disomics. The DtAALs showed relatively stable transmission of alien telocentric chromosome(s), where gametes with an extra telocentric chromosome are functional in both female and male germ cells. These suggest that small chromosome fragment with functional centromere, that is a telocentric chromosome, can be transmitted to the progenies and be stable in the next generation. High transmission rates of the alien telocentric chromosome in these DtAALs assure the efficient changes in genetic background of any recipient cultivars by backcrossing.",
author = "Hideshi Yasui and Nobuo Iwata",
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AU - Iwata, Nobuo

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N2 - Ditelosomic alien addition lines (DtAALs: 2n=2x + 2t) of rice each carrying a pair of telocentric chromosomes of Oryza punctata were isolated at low frequencies (2.5-11.1%) from the progenies of respective monotelosomic alien addition lines (MtAALs: 2n=2x + 1t) 7, 11 and one unidentified MtAAL. During the meiosis, the alien telocentric chromosomes of three DtAALs completely paired at the pachytene and usually separated to each daughter cell at anaphase I, giving rise to viable gametes with an alien telocentric chromosome at high frequencies. These DtAALs were characterized by stable transmission of the alien telocentric chromosome in the progenies. The transmission rates of the alien chromosome were considerably high in the DtAALs, and most plants of their self-pollinated progeny carried at least one alien telocentric chromosome. The pollen and seed fertility were different among three DtAALs. DtAAL 11 carrying a short telocentric chromosome of O. punctata showed high pollen and seed fertility similar to the disomics. The DtAALs showed relatively stable transmission of alien telocentric chromosome(s), where gametes with an extra telocentric chromosome are functional in both female and male germ cells. These suggest that small chromosome fragment with functional centromere, that is a telocentric chromosome, can be transmitted to the progenies and be stable in the next generation. High transmission rates of the alien telocentric chromosome in these DtAALs assure the efficient changes in genetic background of any recipient cultivars by backcrossing.

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