Cytokine Regulation of B Cell Activation and Differentiation

Yoshihiro Baba, Barry Ripley, Tadamitsu Kishimoto, Tomohiro Kurosaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The activation and differentiation of B cells are pivotal processes with major implications for host defense and the pathogenesis of immune-mediated diseases. During an immune response, B cells respond to cognate antigen by undergoing massive expansion and class switch recombination during the differentiation of B cells into plasma cells. This differentiation can take place either in follicles where they form germinal centers or in extrafollicular foci. With respect to these responses, B cells are exquisitely regulated by their microenvironment and various factors including cytokines. Cytokines represent a diverse group of soluble mediators that can have multifaceted function. It has been shown that many cytokines act on B cells as B cell growth and differentiation factors. This article focuses on the contribution of cytokines to B cell physiological function, including IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, IL-21, IL-35, transforming growth factor γ, and interferons, and discusses their implications for the establishment of humoral immunity. We will also focus on the roles of IL-6 and how these contribute to human diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActivation of the Immune System
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages244-252
Number of pages9
Volume3
ISBN (Print)9780080921525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 27 2016
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Baba, Y., Ripley, B., Kishimoto, T., & Kurosaki, T. (2016). Cytokine Regulation of B Cell Activation and Differentiation. In Activation of the Immune System (Vol. 3, pp. 244-252). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374279-7.09017-2