Cytoplasmic fat detection utilizing chemical shift gradient-echo MR imaging in cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma

Kazuya Omoto, Masatoshi Eto, Noriaki Tokuda, Katsunori Tatsugami, Masahiko Harano, Seiji Naito, Kengo Yoshimitsu, Hiroshi Honda

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Abstract

We investigated whether cytoplasmic fat in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCC) can be identified by chemical shift gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging (CSI). CSI was performed for 22 cases of CCC and 30 cases of other renal tumors (including 16 cases of non-CCC), all of which were surgically proven. Signal reduction in out-of-phase images of these tumors was retrospectively evaluated and compared. The signal loss ratio (SLR) was defined and calculated. Fat staining of specimens from 16 tumors was performed and correlated with SLR. SLR was found to be significantly higher in CCC than in non-CCC (p<0.002). There was a significant correlation between the degree of fat staining positively of the specimens and SLR (p<0.01). When signal reduction in out-of-phase images suggested a diagnosis of CCC, a correct diagnosis of this entity was made in the resected renal tumors with a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 82%, 93%, and 88%, respectively. CSI can demonstrate cytoplasmic fat in CCC, which helps to differentiate this entity from other renal tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-379
Number of pages7
JournalNishinihon Journal of Urology
Volume66
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 14 2004

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

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