Leukotriene B4 induced a biphasic change in the cytoplasmic pH of human neutrophils: an initial rapid acidification followed by an alkalinization. The acidification was slightly reduced by the removal of extracellular Ca2+, but the subsequent alkalinization was not. The leukotriene B4-induced alkalinization was dependent on extracellular Na+ and pH, and was inhibited by amiloride and its more potent analogue, 5-(N,N-hexamethylene)amiloride. These characteristics indicate that the cytoplasmic alkalinization is mediated by the Na+-H+ exchange. Oxidation products of leukotriene B4, 20-hydroxyleukotriene B4, 20-carboxyleukotriene B4, and (5S)-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) also stimulated the Na+-H+ exchange, but higher concentrations were required. Treatment of the cells with pertussis toxin inhibited both phases of the leukotriene B4 induced pHi change, while cholera toxin did not affect the pHi change. The alkalinization induced by leukotriene B4 was inhibited by 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7), an inhibitor of protein kinase C, but was not inhibited by N-(2-guanidinoethyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide which has a less inhibitory effect on protein kinase C. Acidification was not affected by the drugs. These findings suggest that a GTP-binding protein sensitive to pertussis toxin and protein kinase C are involved in the activation of the Na+-H + exchange stimulated by leukotriene B4.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology