The cycle of oocyte development of the bambooleaf wrasse, Pseudolabrus japonicus; was studied to elucidate the endocrinological mechanism of oocyte maturation in a marine teleost. A single female reared with two males spawned every day for 17 days in captivity, indicating that this species is a daily spawner. Ovarian histology revealed that germinal vesicle migration of the largest oocytes progressed from 12:00 to 3:00 h, and germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) was completed at 6:00 h. Ovulation and spawning occurred between 6:00 and 9:00 h. The effectiveness of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20β-P), which is one of the most potent steroidal inducers of GVBD in bambooleaf wrasse oocytes, in inducing final oocyte maturation was examined at eight different times of the day. The responsiveness of the oocyte to HCG and steroid differed at different times of the day. The GVBD could be induced by HCG but not 17,20β-P at 9:00 h. Between 12:00 and 18:00 h, not only HCG but also 17,20β-P induced GVBD. Both GVBD and ovulation spontaneously occurred between 0:00 and 6:00 h without any hormonal treatment. These results clearly showed that the oocyte of the bambooleaf wrasse possessed a diurnal maturation cycle. Responsiveness of oocytes to HCG appeared earlier than responsiveness to 17,20β-P. This suggests that sensitivity to 17,20β-P is induced by gonadotropic hormone (GTH).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Aquatic Science