This study proposes a design guideline for polycrystal Ni-based model alloys with high ductility and 100-MPa creep rupture strength beyond 800°C and 105h. These alloys are strengthened by both the precipitation of fine γ′ particles inside the grain and the Laves phase at the grain boundary. For investigating the damage mechanism, transformation from the non-equilibrium Laves phase to the σ phase at the grain boundary and formation of the equilibrium needle-like Laves phase inside the grain are promoted by increasing the Fe concentration. The rupture time of Fe-free alloys significantly increases because of the equilibrium Laves phase at the grain boundary owing to a suitable Mo equivalent. In particular, W addition can help achieve high-temperature creep strength. The precipitate-free zone (PFZ) is predominantly formed by prior migration at the grain boundary without precipitation. Creep rupture occurs at the precipitation/matrix interface in the PFZ. Therefore, transformation control from the Laves to the σ phase at the grain boundary suppresses creep degradation. Consequently, a Ni-based alloy with strength >100 MPa and rupture elongation >20% at 800°C and 105h is fabricated using Larson–Miller parameter conversion, and the alloy design guideline’s validity is confirmed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics