The deep-towed Autonomous Cable Seismic (ACS) system is a high-resolution acoustic survey system designed for use in deep-water environments. This system uses a high-frequency acoustic source and a multichannel receiver cable. A common problem in the analysis of deep-towed ACS data is the unstable positioning of the source and receivers due to ocean currents and seafloor bathymetry. Since the data acquisition using high-frequency source with unstable source–receiver positions causes destructive interference on the final stack profile, correction of the unstable source-receiver is a crucial issue. In this study, we propose a method to solve the unstable source–receiver position problem and thus to construct an accurate final stack profile. We used deep-towed ACS data acquired in the Joetsu Basin in Niigata, Japan, where hydrocarbon features in the form of gas chimneys, gas hydrate, and free gas have been observed. Because sidelobes in the ACS source signature defocus the source wavelet and decrease the bandwidth frequency content, we designed a filter to focus the source signature. Our proposed approach considerably improved the quality of the final stack profile. Even though depth information was not available for all receivers, the velocity spectra in the velocity analysis were well focused. Furthermore, shaping the source wavelet considerably increased the bandwidth frequency of the source signature. We applied seismic attribute analysis to the post-stack profile to identify the distributions of free gas and hydrate. Our seismic attribute analyses for the high-frequency ACS data demonstrated that free gas accumulations are characterized by low reflection amplitude and an unstable frequency component, and that hydrate close to the seafloor can be identified by its high reflection amplitude.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology