Dax-1 as one of the target genes of Ad4BP/SF-1

K. Kawabe, T. Shikayama, H. Tsuboi, S. Oka, K. Oba, T. Yanase, H. Nawata, K. I. Morohashi

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105 Citations (Scopus)


The DAX-1 (also known as AHC) gene encodes an unusual member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. DAX-1 plays a critical role during gonadal and adrenal differentiation since mutations of the human DAX-1 gene cause X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita associated with hypogona-dotropic hypogonadism. In recent studies, DAX-1 was reported to function as a transcriptional suppressor of Ad4BP/SF-1, a critical transcription factor in gonadal and adrenal differentiation. With respect to implication of Ad4BP/SF-1 in the transcriptional regulation of the DAX-1 gene, inconsistent findings have been previously reported. We investigated the upstream region of the mouse Dax-1 (also known as Ahch) gene and identified a novel Ad4/SF-1 site by transient transfection and electrophoretic mobility shift assays. In addition, immunohistochemical analyses with a specific antibody to Dax-1 indicated the presence of immunoreactive cells in steroidogenic tissues, pituitary gland, and hypothalamus. Although the distributions of Dax-1 and Ad4BP/SF-1 were very similar, they were not completely identical. The expression of Dax-1 was significantly impaired in knock-out mice of the Ftz-f1 gene, which encodes Ad4BP/ SF-1. Taken together, our findings indicate that Ad4BP/SF-1 controls the transcription of the Dax-1 gene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1267-1284
Number of pages18
JournalMolecular Endocrinology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology


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