Decorin Promotes Osteoblastic Differentiation of Human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells

Orie Adachi, Hideki Sugii, Tomohiro Itoyama, Shoko Fujino, Hiroshi Kaneko, Atsushi Tomokiyo, Sayuri Hamano, Daigaku Hasegawa, Junko Obata, Shinichiro Yoshida, Masataka Kadowaki, Risa Sugiura, Mhd Safwan Albougha, Hidefumi Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study is to clarify the biological functions of decorin (DCN) in the healing and regeneration of wounded periodontal tissue. We investigated the expression pattern of DCN during the healing of wounded periodontal tissue in rats by immunohistochemistry and the effects of DCN on the osteoblastic differentiation of human periodontal ligament (PDL) stem cells (HPDLSCs) and preosteoblasts by Alizarin red S staining, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions, and western blotting. The expression of DCN was increased around the wounded PDL tissue on day 5 after surgery compared with the nonwounded PDL tissue, whereas its expression was not changed in the osteoblastic layer around the wounded alveolar bone. Furthermore, DCN promoted the osteoblastic differentiation of HPDLSCs, but it did not affect the osteoblastic differentiation of preosteoblasts. ERK1/2 phosphorylation was upregulated during the DCN-induced osteoblastic differentiation of HPDLSCs. DCN did not affect proliferation, migration, or the PDL-related gene expression of HPDLSCs. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that DCN has a role in the healing of wounded periodontal tissue. Furthermore, DCN secreted from PDL cells may contribute to bone healing by upregulating osteoblastic differentiation through ERK1/2 signaling in HPDLSCs, indicating a therapeutic effect of DCN in periodontal tissue regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8224
JournalMolecules
Volume27
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Decorin Promotes Osteoblastic Differentiation of Human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this