Dedifferentiated low-grade central osteosarcoma with extensive cystic change initially treated as a simple bone cyst

Masakazu Toya, Yuichi Yamada, Ryohei Yokoyama, Kenichi Taguchi, Kazuki Nabeshima, Teruto Isayama, Yoshinao Oda

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Abstract

Low-grade central osteosarcoma (LG-COS) is an uncommon variant of osteosarcoma (OS) that sometimes progresses to high-grade OS post-recurrence. We herein present a case of dedifferentiated LG-COS with extensive cystic change arising in the right iliac bone of a 26-year-old man. The LG-COS was initially diagnosed and managed as a simple bone cyst. The lesion recurred thrice, and high-grade OS was diagnosed during the third recurrence. The first lesion appeared as a typical benign cystic mass on radiography. However, a huge malignant osteoblastic mass subsequently developed in the right pelvis at the third recurrence. Extended hemipelvectomy with ipsilateral hemisacral resection was performed. Histologic analysis showed tumor necrosis and irregular neoplastic tumor osteoid, while immunohistochemistry revealed that the tumor was diffusely positive for MDM2 and CDK4. The histologic diagnosis was high-grade OS dedifferentiated from a preceding cystic lesion. Our final diagnosis of the primary lesion was LG-COS with extensive cystic change.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152832
JournalPathology Research and Practice
Volume216
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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