Defect structure of a nematic liquid crystal around a spherical particle: Adaptive mesh refinement approach

Junichi Fukuda, Makoto Yoneya, Hiroshi Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate numerically the structure of topological defects close to a spherical particle immersed in a uniformly aligned nematic liquid crystal. To this end we have implemented an adaptive mesh refinement scheme in an axi-symmetric three-dimensional system, which makes it feasible to take into account properly the large length scale difference between the particle and the topological defects. The adaptive mesh refinement scheme proves to be quite efficient and useful in the investigation of not only the macroscopic properties such as the defect position but also the fine structure of defects. It can be shown that a hyperbolic hedgehog that accompanies a particle with strong homeotropic anchoring takes the structure of a ring.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Adaptive Mesh Refinement
Nematic Liquid Crystal
Topological Defects
Defects
liquid crystals
defects
Fine Structure
Length Scale
Ring
Three-dimensional
fine structure
rings

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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