Defective carbon nanotube for use as a thermal rectifier

Koji Takahashi, Masato Inoue, Yohei Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the thermal properties of a single-walled carbon nanotube with vacancy defects to determine its applicability to solid-state thermal rectification. Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulation of a nanotube with randomly located defects only along half the length revealed asymmetric heat conduction at room temperature. The direction of rectification is in good agreement with that obtained in a past experiment in which C9H16Pt was asymmetrically deposited on a nanotube, as far as the local deposition is supposed to cause defects in the nanotube lattice. The mechanism underlying the current thermal rectification effect is discussed considering the temperature dependence of the local thermal conductivity and the phonon filtering effect. The calculated phonon density of states shows larger overlapping when heat flows from the defective part to the pristine part and intermediate-frequency phonons are mainly responsible for rectification.

Original languageEnglish
Article number02BD12
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Volume49
Issue number2 PART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2010

Fingerprint

rectifiers
rectification
Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
carbon nanotubes
nanotubes
Defects
defects
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
Phonons
Heat conduction
Thermal effects
Vacancies
intermediate frequencies
Molecular dynamics
convective flow
Thermal conductivity
Thermodynamic properties
heat transmission
conductive heat transfer

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Defective carbon nanotube for use as a thermal rectifier. / Takahashi, Koji; Inoue, Masato; Ito, Yohei.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 49, No. 2 PART 2, 02BD12, 01.12.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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