Defects formation in LaNi5 and its related alloys with hydrogenation and dehydrogenation

Etsuo Akiba, Kouji Sakaki, Yumiko Nakamura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

With hydrogenation and dehydrogenation, lattice of hydrogen absorbing alloys expands and contracts in 20 to 30 % in volume. Defects are expected to be introduced into the lattice to relax the strain energy that is generated by volume expansion and contraction. We have studied defect formation into the lattice of LaNi5 and related alloys using in-situ diffraction and positron lifetime measurements. In the lattice of LaNi52, a large amount of defects such as dislocations and vacancies was introduced at the first hydrogenation. Once defects were introduced, they were not relaxed at the working temperature of the alloys. Using diffraction method, we measured the size of crystallite before and after hydrogenation. The crystallite size did not changed with hydrogenation in all the alloy studied; LaNi5 and LaNi5-xMx (M=Al, Sn). Volume expansion and contraction can be accepted by introducing defects in the lattice without reducing the crystallite size.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials for Energy Conversion III - A Symposium in Honor of Drs. Gary Sandrock, Louis Schlapbach and Seijirau Suda for Lifetime Achievements in Metal Hydride Research and Development
Number of pages1
Volume2006
Publication statusPublished - May 22 2006
Event2006 TMS Annual Meeting - San Antonio, TX, United States
Duration: Mar 12 2006Mar 16 2006

Other

Other2006 TMS Annual Meeting
CountryUnited States
CitySan Antonio, TX
Period3/12/063/16/06

Fingerprint

Dehydrogenation
dehydrogenation
Hydrogenation
hydrogenation
Defects
defects
Crystallite size
contraction
Diffraction
expansion
Positrons
Strain energy
Dislocations (crystals)
diffraction
Vacancies
Hydrogen
positrons
life (durability)
hydrogen
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Akiba, E., Sakaki, K., & Nakamura, Y. (2006). Defects formation in LaNi5 and its related alloys with hydrogenation and dehydrogenation. In Advanced Materials for Energy Conversion III - A Symposium in Honor of Drs. Gary Sandrock, Louis Schlapbach and Seijirau Suda for Lifetime Achievements in Metal Hydride Research and Development (Vol. 2006)

Defects formation in LaNi5 and its related alloys with hydrogenation and dehydrogenation. / Akiba, Etsuo; Sakaki, Kouji; Nakamura, Yumiko.

Advanced Materials for Energy Conversion III - A Symposium in Honor of Drs. Gary Sandrock, Louis Schlapbach and Seijirau Suda for Lifetime Achievements in Metal Hydride Research and Development. Vol. 2006 2006.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Akiba, E, Sakaki, K & Nakamura, Y 2006, Defects formation in LaNi5 and its related alloys with hydrogenation and dehydrogenation. in Advanced Materials for Energy Conversion III - A Symposium in Honor of Drs. Gary Sandrock, Louis Schlapbach and Seijirau Suda for Lifetime Achievements in Metal Hydride Research and Development. vol. 2006, 2006 TMS Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX, United States, 3/12/06.
Akiba E, Sakaki K, Nakamura Y. Defects formation in LaNi5 and its related alloys with hydrogenation and dehydrogenation. In Advanced Materials for Energy Conversion III - A Symposium in Honor of Drs. Gary Sandrock, Louis Schlapbach and Seijirau Suda for Lifetime Achievements in Metal Hydride Research and Development. Vol. 2006. 2006
Akiba, Etsuo ; Sakaki, Kouji ; Nakamura, Yumiko. / Defects formation in LaNi5 and its related alloys with hydrogenation and dehydrogenation. Advanced Materials for Energy Conversion III - A Symposium in Honor of Drs. Gary Sandrock, Louis Schlapbach and Seijirau Suda for Lifetime Achievements in Metal Hydride Research and Development. Vol. 2006 2006.
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