Deficiency of theory of mind in patients with remitted mood disorder

Yumiko Inoue, Yuji Tonooka, Kazuo Yamada, Shigenobu Kanba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

151 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Recent researches on theory of mind (ToM) in patients with mood disorders have revealed deficits of ToM ability during episodes. In this study, we aimed to test ToM ability among patients with unipolar or bipolar depression currently in remission. Methods: ToM ability and IQ obtained by Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) were evaluated in 50 patients with remitted depression, who met the criteria of mood disorders of DSM-IV, and 50 matched healthy controls. Results: The patients with mood disorders showed statistically significant impairment in a second-order false question (Fisher's Exact Test p<0.0001). No significant difference was shown in the other three areas of ToM between the patients and the controls. In addition, no correlation of the four areas of ToM with IQ obtained by WAIS-R was found. Limitations: The relation of ToM deficit to other specific cognitive impairment was not examined. Conclusions: Our results suggest that depressive patients in symptomatic remission have a lower ability of second-order false belief. The ToM impairment suggests a decline of skillful social relationships. Evaluation of ToM ability in depressive patients in remission may be useful to provide treatment for better social adjustment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-409
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2004

Fingerprint

Theory of Mind
Mood Disorders
Aptitude
Intelligence
Social Adjustment
Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Depression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Deficiency of theory of mind in patients with remitted mood disorder. / Inoue, Yumiko; Tonooka, Yuji; Yamada, Kazuo; Kanba, Shigenobu.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 82, No. 3, 01.11.2004, p. 403-409.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Inoue, Yumiko ; Tonooka, Yuji ; Yamada, Kazuo ; Kanba, Shigenobu. / Deficiency of theory of mind in patients with remitted mood disorder. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2004 ; Vol. 82, No. 3. pp. 403-409.
@article{d6666c8c8d714a128e7897bc41c6f3a4,
title = "Deficiency of theory of mind in patients with remitted mood disorder",
abstract = "Background: Recent researches on theory of mind (ToM) in patients with mood disorders have revealed deficits of ToM ability during episodes. In this study, we aimed to test ToM ability among patients with unipolar or bipolar depression currently in remission. Methods: ToM ability and IQ obtained by Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) were evaluated in 50 patients with remitted depression, who met the criteria of mood disorders of DSM-IV, and 50 matched healthy controls. Results: The patients with mood disorders showed statistically significant impairment in a second-order false question (Fisher's Exact Test p<0.0001). No significant difference was shown in the other three areas of ToM between the patients and the controls. In addition, no correlation of the four areas of ToM with IQ obtained by WAIS-R was found. Limitations: The relation of ToM deficit to other specific cognitive impairment was not examined. Conclusions: Our results suggest that depressive patients in symptomatic remission have a lower ability of second-order false belief. The ToM impairment suggests a decline of skillful social relationships. Evaluation of ToM ability in depressive patients in remission may be useful to provide treatment for better social adjustment.",
author = "Yumiko Inoue and Yuji Tonooka and Kazuo Yamada and Shigenobu Kanba",
year = "2004",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2004.04.004",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "403--409",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deficiency of theory of mind in patients with remitted mood disorder

AU - Inoue, Yumiko

AU - Tonooka, Yuji

AU - Yamada, Kazuo

AU - Kanba, Shigenobu

PY - 2004/11/1

Y1 - 2004/11/1

N2 - Background: Recent researches on theory of mind (ToM) in patients with mood disorders have revealed deficits of ToM ability during episodes. In this study, we aimed to test ToM ability among patients with unipolar or bipolar depression currently in remission. Methods: ToM ability and IQ obtained by Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) were evaluated in 50 patients with remitted depression, who met the criteria of mood disorders of DSM-IV, and 50 matched healthy controls. Results: The patients with mood disorders showed statistically significant impairment in a second-order false question (Fisher's Exact Test p<0.0001). No significant difference was shown in the other three areas of ToM between the patients and the controls. In addition, no correlation of the four areas of ToM with IQ obtained by WAIS-R was found. Limitations: The relation of ToM deficit to other specific cognitive impairment was not examined. Conclusions: Our results suggest that depressive patients in symptomatic remission have a lower ability of second-order false belief. The ToM impairment suggests a decline of skillful social relationships. Evaluation of ToM ability in depressive patients in remission may be useful to provide treatment for better social adjustment.

AB - Background: Recent researches on theory of mind (ToM) in patients with mood disorders have revealed deficits of ToM ability during episodes. In this study, we aimed to test ToM ability among patients with unipolar or bipolar depression currently in remission. Methods: ToM ability and IQ obtained by Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) were evaluated in 50 patients with remitted depression, who met the criteria of mood disorders of DSM-IV, and 50 matched healthy controls. Results: The patients with mood disorders showed statistically significant impairment in a second-order false question (Fisher's Exact Test p<0.0001). No significant difference was shown in the other three areas of ToM between the patients and the controls. In addition, no correlation of the four areas of ToM with IQ obtained by WAIS-R was found. Limitations: The relation of ToM deficit to other specific cognitive impairment was not examined. Conclusions: Our results suggest that depressive patients in symptomatic remission have a lower ability of second-order false belief. The ToM impairment suggests a decline of skillful social relationships. Evaluation of ToM ability in depressive patients in remission may be useful to provide treatment for better social adjustment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=8844253277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=8844253277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2004.04.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2004.04.004

M3 - Article

C2 - 15555691

AN - SCOPUS:8844253277

VL - 82

SP - 403

EP - 409

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

IS - 3

ER -