Deflector effect on flow behavior and drag of an Ahmed body under crosswind conditions

Tran The Hung, Masato Hijikuro, Masayuki Anyoji, Takanori Uchida, Takuji Nakashima, Keigo Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigates the effect of a deflector on Ahmed model drag and the flow on the slant during steady crosswind conditions by experimental methods at a based-height Reynolds number of 2.45 × 105. The length deflector is 0.09 times the length of the slant. The deflector was fixed at the leading edge of the slant with an upward angle of 5° to the horizontal axis. Force, pressure, and global skin-friction measurements were conducted to understand the relation between drag, pressure distribution, and flow fields on the slant surface. The results showed that the deflector reduces aerodynamic drag at low yaw angles. This result is due to the breakdown structure of longitudinal vortexes and the separation bubble, which leads to fully separated flow on the leading edge of the slant. However, at yaw angles above 8°, a large reversed flow region forms on the slant and the drag of the model increases. A similar flow structure on the slant is observed for yaw angles of 12° and 15°. Conversely, the model lift is reduced with the deflector at all yaw angles tested. Detailed pressure distribution and complex flow structure on the slant provide insight in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105238
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Volume231
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Mechanical Engineering

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