Deformation behavior of ultrafine grained iron

Setsuo Takaki, K. Kawasaki, Y. Futamura, Toshihiro Tsuchiyma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Work hardening behavior and microstructure development during deformation by cold rolling were investigated in iron with different grain size. Grain refinement makes the introduction of dislocation easier. For instance, under the same deformation condition (5% reduction in thickness), dislocation density is the order of 10 14m -2 in a coarse grained material (mean grain size; 20μm), while it reaches 7×10 15m 2 in an ultrafine grained material (0.25μm). It is well known that the yield stress of metals is enlarged with an increase in dislocation density on the basis of the Bailey-Hirsch relationship. However, it should be noted that the ultrafine grained material never undergoes usual work hardening although the dislocation density is surely enhanced to around the order of 10 16m -2: 0.2% proof stress is almost constant at 1.4-1.5GPa regardless of the amount of deformation. The dislocation density of 10 16m -2 is thought to be the limit value which can be achieved by cold working of iron and the yield stress of iron with this dislocation density (ρ) is estimated at 1.1 GPa from the Bailey-Hirsch relationship; σ d [Pa] = 0.1×10 9 + 10 ρ 1/2. On the other hand, yield stress of iron is enhanced by grain refinement on the basis of the Hall-Petch relationship; σ gb [Pa] = 0.1×10 9 + 0.6×10 9 d -1/2 as to the grain size d [μm]. This equation indicates that the grain size of 0.35 μm gives the same yield stress as that estimated for the limit of dislocation strengthening (1.1 GPa). As a result, it was concluded that work hardening can not take place in ultrafine grained iron with the grain size less than 0.35 μm because dislocation strengthening can not exceed the initial yield stress obtained by grain refinement strengthening.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation
Pages317-322
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2006
Event3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Fukuoka, Japan
Duration: Sep 22 2005Sep 26 2005

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume503-504
ISSN (Print)0255-5476

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation, NanoSPD3
CountryJapan
CityFukuoka
Period9/22/059/26/05

Fingerprint

Yield stress
Iron
Grain refinement
iron
Strain hardening
grain size
work hardening
Cold working
Cold rolling
cold working
cold rolling
Metals
Ultrafine
Microstructure
microstructure
metals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Takaki, S., Kawasaki, K., Futamura, Y., & Tsuchiyma, T. (2006). Deformation behavior of ultrafine grained iron. In Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation (pp. 317-322). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 503-504).

Deformation behavior of ultrafine grained iron. / Takaki, Setsuo; Kawasaki, K.; Futamura, Y.; Tsuchiyma, Toshihiro.

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation. 2006. p. 317-322 (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 503-504).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Takaki, S, Kawasaki, K, Futamura, Y & Tsuchiyma, T 2006, Deformation behavior of ultrafine grained iron. in Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation. Materials Science Forum, vol. 503-504, pp. 317-322, 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation, NanoSPD3, Fukuoka, Japan, 9/22/05.
Takaki S, Kawasaki K, Futamura Y, Tsuchiyma T. Deformation behavior of ultrafine grained iron. In Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation. 2006. p. 317-322. (Materials Science Forum).
Takaki, Setsuo ; Kawasaki, K. ; Futamura, Y. ; Tsuchiyma, Toshihiro. / Deformation behavior of ultrafine grained iron. Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation. 2006. pp. 317-322 (Materials Science Forum).
@inproceedings{2879f51f93e84416928c6595d506276a,
title = "Deformation behavior of ultrafine grained iron",
abstract = "Work hardening behavior and microstructure development during deformation by cold rolling were investigated in iron with different grain size. Grain refinement makes the introduction of dislocation easier. For instance, under the same deformation condition (5{\%} reduction in thickness), dislocation density is the order of 10 14m -2 in a coarse grained material (mean grain size; 20μm), while it reaches 7×10 15m 2 in an ultrafine grained material (0.25μm). It is well known that the yield stress of metals is enlarged with an increase in dislocation density on the basis of the Bailey-Hirsch relationship. However, it should be noted that the ultrafine grained material never undergoes usual work hardening although the dislocation density is surely enhanced to around the order of 10 16m -2: 0.2{\%} proof stress is almost constant at 1.4-1.5GPa regardless of the amount of deformation. The dislocation density of 10 16m -2 is thought to be the limit value which can be achieved by cold working of iron and the yield stress of iron with this dislocation density (ρ) is estimated at 1.1 GPa from the Bailey-Hirsch relationship; σ d [Pa] = 0.1×10 9 + 10 ρ 1/2. On the other hand, yield stress of iron is enhanced by grain refinement on the basis of the Hall-Petch relationship; σ gb [Pa] = 0.1×10 9 + 0.6×10 9 d -1/2 as to the grain size d [μm]. This equation indicates that the grain size of 0.35 μm gives the same yield stress as that estimated for the limit of dislocation strengthening (1.1 GPa). As a result, it was concluded that work hardening can not take place in ultrafine grained iron with the grain size less than 0.35 μm because dislocation strengthening can not exceed the initial yield stress obtained by grain refinement strengthening.",
author = "Setsuo Takaki and K. Kawasaki and Y. Futamura and Toshihiro Tsuchiyma",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
isbn = "0878499857",
series = "Materials Science Forum",
pages = "317--322",
booktitle = "Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Deformation behavior of ultrafine grained iron

AU - Takaki, Setsuo

AU - Kawasaki, K.

AU - Futamura, Y.

AU - Tsuchiyma, Toshihiro

PY - 2006/12/1

Y1 - 2006/12/1

N2 - Work hardening behavior and microstructure development during deformation by cold rolling were investigated in iron with different grain size. Grain refinement makes the introduction of dislocation easier. For instance, under the same deformation condition (5% reduction in thickness), dislocation density is the order of 10 14m -2 in a coarse grained material (mean grain size; 20μm), while it reaches 7×10 15m 2 in an ultrafine grained material (0.25μm). It is well known that the yield stress of metals is enlarged with an increase in dislocation density on the basis of the Bailey-Hirsch relationship. However, it should be noted that the ultrafine grained material never undergoes usual work hardening although the dislocation density is surely enhanced to around the order of 10 16m -2: 0.2% proof stress is almost constant at 1.4-1.5GPa regardless of the amount of deformation. The dislocation density of 10 16m -2 is thought to be the limit value which can be achieved by cold working of iron and the yield stress of iron with this dislocation density (ρ) is estimated at 1.1 GPa from the Bailey-Hirsch relationship; σ d [Pa] = 0.1×10 9 + 10 ρ 1/2. On the other hand, yield stress of iron is enhanced by grain refinement on the basis of the Hall-Petch relationship; σ gb [Pa] = 0.1×10 9 + 0.6×10 9 d -1/2 as to the grain size d [μm]. This equation indicates that the grain size of 0.35 μm gives the same yield stress as that estimated for the limit of dislocation strengthening (1.1 GPa). As a result, it was concluded that work hardening can not take place in ultrafine grained iron with the grain size less than 0.35 μm because dislocation strengthening can not exceed the initial yield stress obtained by grain refinement strengthening.

AB - Work hardening behavior and microstructure development during deformation by cold rolling were investigated in iron with different grain size. Grain refinement makes the introduction of dislocation easier. For instance, under the same deformation condition (5% reduction in thickness), dislocation density is the order of 10 14m -2 in a coarse grained material (mean grain size; 20μm), while it reaches 7×10 15m 2 in an ultrafine grained material (0.25μm). It is well known that the yield stress of metals is enlarged with an increase in dislocation density on the basis of the Bailey-Hirsch relationship. However, it should be noted that the ultrafine grained material never undergoes usual work hardening although the dislocation density is surely enhanced to around the order of 10 16m -2: 0.2% proof stress is almost constant at 1.4-1.5GPa regardless of the amount of deformation. The dislocation density of 10 16m -2 is thought to be the limit value which can be achieved by cold working of iron and the yield stress of iron with this dislocation density (ρ) is estimated at 1.1 GPa from the Bailey-Hirsch relationship; σ d [Pa] = 0.1×10 9 + 10 ρ 1/2. On the other hand, yield stress of iron is enhanced by grain refinement on the basis of the Hall-Petch relationship; σ gb [Pa] = 0.1×10 9 + 0.6×10 9 d -1/2 as to the grain size d [μm]. This equation indicates that the grain size of 0.35 μm gives the same yield stress as that estimated for the limit of dislocation strengthening (1.1 GPa). As a result, it was concluded that work hardening can not take place in ultrafine grained iron with the grain size less than 0.35 μm because dislocation strengthening can not exceed the initial yield stress obtained by grain refinement strengthening.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33847652111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33847652111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:33847652111

SN - 0878499857

SN - 9780878499854

T3 - Materials Science Forum

SP - 317

EP - 322

BT - Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation

ER -