Deformation of Ionospheric Potential Pattern by Ionospheric Hall Polarization

Aoi Nakamizo, Akimasa Yoshikawa

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Abstract

The present study shows that the ionospheric Hall polarization can deform the high-latitude ionospheric convection field, which is widely considered to be a manifestation of the convection field in the magnetosphere. We perform the Hall polarization field separation with a potential solver by changing the conductance distribution step by step from a uniform one to a more realistic one. We adopt dawn-dusk and north-south symmetric distributions of conductance and region 1 (R1) field-aligned current (FAC). The pair of the primary field of the R1 system and each gradient of off-diagonal component of conductance tensor (Hall conductance) generates the Hall polarization field and consequently causes potential deformations as follows. (a) The equatorward gradient causes clockwise rotation. (b) The gradient across the terminator, together with the effect of the equatorward gradient, causes the dawn-dusk asymmetry. (c) The high conductance band in the auroral region causes kink-type deformations. In particular, a nested structure at the equatorward edge of the band in the midnight sector well resembles the Harang Reversal. Result (a) can explain the clockwise bias inexplicable by the IMF-By effect alone, the combination of (a) and (b) can explain the clearness and unclearness in the round or crescent shapes of the dawn-dusk cells depending on the IMF-By polarity, and (c) suggests that the ionosphere may not need the upward-FAC for the formation of the Harang Reversal. We suggest that the final structure of the ionospheric potential is established by the combined effects of the magnetospheric requirements (external causes) and ionospheric polarization (internal effect).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7553-7580
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume124
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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