Degradation of microcrystalline cellulose and non-pretreated plant biomass by a cell-free extracellular cellulase/hemicellulase system from the extreme thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii

Sumiyo Kanafusa-Shinkai, Jun'ichi Wakayama, Kazumi Tsukamoto, Noriko Hayashi, Yasumasa Miyazaki, Hideyuki Ohmori, Kiyoshi Tajima, Hiroshi Yokoyama

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Caldicellulosiruptor bescii is a cellulolytic/hemicellulolytic anaerobe, which extracellularly secretes various proteins, including multidomain cellulases with two-catalytic domains, for plant biomass degradation. Degradation by C. bescii cells has been well characterized, but degradation by the cell-free extracellular cellulase/hemicellulase system (CEC) of C. bescii has not been as well studied. In the present study, C. bescii CEC was prepared from cell-free culture supernatant, and the degradation properties for defined substrates and non-pretreated plant biomass were characterized. Four multidomain cellulases (Cbes_1857, Cbes_1859, Cbes_1865, and Cbes_1867), composed of the glycoside hydrolase families 5, 9, 10, 44, and 48, were the major enzymes identified in the CEC by mass spectrometry. The CEC degraded xylan, mannose-based substrates, β-1,4-linked glucans, including microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel), and non-pretreated timothy grass and rice straw. However, degradation of chitin, pectin, dextran, and wheat starch was not observed. The optimum temperatures for degradation activities were 75°C for timothy grass and Avicel, 85°C for carboxylmethyl cellulose, and >85°C for xylan. The optimum pH for these substrates was 5-6. The degradation activities were compared with a CEC derived from the fungus Trichoderma reesei, the most common enzyme used for plant biomass saccharification. The amounts of degraded Avicel, timothy grass, and rice straw by C. bescii CEC were 2.2-2.4-fold larger than those of T. reesei CEC. The high hydrolytic activity of C. bescii CEC might be attributed to the two-catalytic domain architecture of the cellulases.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)64-70
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
    Volume115
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Biotechnology
    • Bioengineering
    • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Degradation of microcrystalline cellulose and non-pretreated plant biomass by a cell-free extracellular cellulase/hemicellulase system from the extreme thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this