Tob1, a member of the Tob/BTG family, is involved in the control of G 1-S progression by suppressing cyclin D1 expression and acts as a tumor suppressor gene. Tob1 was reported to have a quick turnover through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, but proteins involved in this process are still unknown. We showed that Skp2, a substrate-targeting subunit of the SCF (Skp1/Cul1/F-box protein) ubiquitin ligase complex, was involved in ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Tob1. Skp2 interacted with Tob1 and facilitated ubiquitination of Tob1 in intact cells as well as in vitro. Skp2 mutants without the F-box or leucine rich repeat were not able to bind to Tob1 and did not enhance ubiquitination of Tob1. Tob1 was stabilized in both Skp2-/- mouse fibroblasts and Skp2 knockdown HeLa cells. Moreover, cyclin D1 expression was suppressed in Skp2 knockdown HeLa cells. These data suggest that Tob1 is a novel target for degradation by the SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research