Delays in Presentation Time Under the COVID-19 Epidemic in Patients With Transient Ischemic Attack and Mild Stroke: A Retrospective Study of Three Hospitals in a Japanese Prefecture

Koji Tanaka, Shoji Matsumoto, Yusuke Nakazawa, Takeshi Yamada, Kazutaka Sonoda, Sukehisa Nagano, Taketo Hatano, Ryo Yamasaki, Ichiro Nakahara, Noriko Isobe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread worldwide with collateral damage and therefore might affect the behavior of stroke patients with mild symptoms seeking medical attention. Methods: Patients with ischemic stroke who were admitted to hospitals within 7 days of onset were retrospectively registered. The clinical characteristics, including onset-to-door time (ODT), of patients with a transient ischemic attack (TIA)/mild stroke (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] score of ≤ 3 on admission) or moderate/severe stroke were compared between those admitted from April 2019 to March 2020 (pre-COVID-19 period) and from April to September 2020 (COVID-19 period). Multivariable regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with the ODT. Results: Of 1,100 patients (732 men, median age, 73 years), 754 were admitted during the pre-COVID-19 period, and 346 were admitted during the COVID-19 period. The number and proportion of patients with TIA/minor stroke were 464 (61.5%) in the pre-COVID-19 period and 216 (62.4%) during the COVID-19 period. Among patients with TIA/mild stroke, the ODT was longer in patients admitted during the COVID-19 period compared with that of the pre-COVID-19 period (median 864 min vs. 508 min, p = 0.003). Multivariable analysis revealed the COVID-19 period of admission was associated with longer ODT (standardized partial regression coefficient 0.09, p = 0.003) after adjustment for age, sex, route of arrival, NIHSS score on admission, and the presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and wake-up stroke. No significant change in the ODT was seen in patients with moderate/severe stroke. Conclusions: The COVID-19 epidemic might increase the ODT of patients with TIA/mild stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number748316
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 27 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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