Deletion of CDKAL1 Affects High-Fat Diet-Induced Fat Accumulation and Glucose-Stimulated Insulin Secretion in Mice, Indicating Relevance to Diabetes

Tadashi Okamura, Rieko Yanobu-Takanashi, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Masato Isono, Koichi Akiyama, Yukiko Shimizu, Motohito Goto, Yi Qiang Liang, Ken Yamamoto, Tomohiro Katsuya, Akihiro Fujioka, Keizo Ohnaka, Ryoichi Takayanagi, Toshio Ogihara, Yukio Yamori, Norihiro Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background/Objective: The CDKAL1 gene is among the best-replicated susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes, originally identified by genome-wide association studies in humans. To clarify a physiological importance of CDKAL1, we examined effects of a global Cdkal1-null mutation in mice and also evaluated the influence of a CDKAL1 risk allele on body mass index (BMI) in Japanese subjects. Methods: In Cdkal1-deficient (Cdkal1-/-) mice, we performed oral glucose tolerance test, insulin tolerance test, and perfusion experiments with and without high-fat feeding. Based on the findings in mice, we tested genetic association of CDKAL1 variants with BMI, as a measure of adiposity, and type 2 diabetes in Japanese. Principal Findings: On a standard diet, Cdkal1-/- mice were modestly lighter in weight than wild-type littermates without major alterations in glucose metabolism. On a high fat diet, Cdkal1-/- mice showed significant reduction in fat accumulation (17% reduction in %intraabdominal fat, P = 0.023 vs. wild-type littermates) with less impaired insulin sensitivity at an early stage. High fat feeding did not potentiate insulin secretion in Cdkal1-/- mice (1.0-fold), contrary to the results in wild-type littermates (1.6-fold, P<0.01). Inversely, at a later stage, Cdkal1-/- mice showed more prominent impairment of insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. mRNA expression analysis indicated that Scd1 might function as a critical mediator of the altered metabolism in Cdkal1-/- mice. In accordance with the findings in mice, a nominally significant (P<0.05) association between CDKAL1 rs4712523 and BMI was replicated in 2 Japanese general populations comprising 5,695 and 12,569 samples; the risk allele for type 2 diabetes was also associated with decreased BMI. Conclusions: Cdkal1 gene deletion is accompanied by modestly impaired insulin secretion and longitudinal fluctuations in insulin sensitivity during high-fat feeding in mice. CDKAL1 may affect such compensatory mechanisms regulating glucose homeostasis through interaction with diet.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere49055
JournalPloS one
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 16 2012

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insulin secretion
High Fat Diet
high fat diet
Nutrition
Medical problems
diabetes
Fats
Insulin
Glucose
glucose
mice
lipids
Genes
Association reactions
body mass index
Metabolism
Body Mass Index
noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
insulin resistance
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

Deletion of CDKAL1 Affects High-Fat Diet-Induced Fat Accumulation and Glucose-Stimulated Insulin Secretion in Mice, Indicating Relevance to Diabetes. / Okamura, Tadashi; Yanobu-Takanashi, Rieko; Takeuchi, Fumihiko; Isono, Masato; Akiyama, Koichi; Shimizu, Yukiko; Goto, Motohito; Liang, Yi Qiang; Yamamoto, Ken; Katsuya, Tomohiro; Fujioka, Akihiro; Ohnaka, Keizo; Takayanagi, Ryoichi; Ogihara, Toshio; Yamori, Yukio; Kato, Norihiro.

In: PloS one, Vol. 7, No. 11, e49055, 16.11.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okamura, T, Yanobu-Takanashi, R, Takeuchi, F, Isono, M, Akiyama, K, Shimizu, Y, Goto, M, Liang, YQ, Yamamoto, K, Katsuya, T, Fujioka, A, Ohnaka, K, Takayanagi, R, Ogihara, T, Yamori, Y & Kato, N 2012, 'Deletion of CDKAL1 Affects High-Fat Diet-Induced Fat Accumulation and Glucose-Stimulated Insulin Secretion in Mice, Indicating Relevance to Diabetes', PloS one, vol. 7, no. 11, e49055. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049055
Okamura, Tadashi ; Yanobu-Takanashi, Rieko ; Takeuchi, Fumihiko ; Isono, Masato ; Akiyama, Koichi ; Shimizu, Yukiko ; Goto, Motohito ; Liang, Yi Qiang ; Yamamoto, Ken ; Katsuya, Tomohiro ; Fujioka, Akihiro ; Ohnaka, Keizo ; Takayanagi, Ryoichi ; Ogihara, Toshio ; Yamori, Yukio ; Kato, Norihiro. / Deletion of CDKAL1 Affects High-Fat Diet-Induced Fat Accumulation and Glucose-Stimulated Insulin Secretion in Mice, Indicating Relevance to Diabetes. In: PloS one. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 11.
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AU - Yanobu-Takanashi, Rieko

AU - Takeuchi, Fumihiko

AU - Isono, Masato

AU - Akiyama, Koichi

AU - Shimizu, Yukiko

AU - Goto, Motohito

AU - Liang, Yi Qiang

AU - Yamamoto, Ken

AU - Katsuya, Tomohiro

AU - Fujioka, Akihiro

AU - Ohnaka, Keizo

AU - Takayanagi, Ryoichi

AU - Ogihara, Toshio

AU - Yamori, Yukio

AU - Kato, Norihiro

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N2 - Background/Objective: The CDKAL1 gene is among the best-replicated susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes, originally identified by genome-wide association studies in humans. To clarify a physiological importance of CDKAL1, we examined effects of a global Cdkal1-null mutation in mice and also evaluated the influence of a CDKAL1 risk allele on body mass index (BMI) in Japanese subjects. Methods: In Cdkal1-deficient (Cdkal1-/-) mice, we performed oral glucose tolerance test, insulin tolerance test, and perfusion experiments with and without high-fat feeding. Based on the findings in mice, we tested genetic association of CDKAL1 variants with BMI, as a measure of adiposity, and type 2 diabetes in Japanese. Principal Findings: On a standard diet, Cdkal1-/- mice were modestly lighter in weight than wild-type littermates without major alterations in glucose metabolism. On a high fat diet, Cdkal1-/- mice showed significant reduction in fat accumulation (17% reduction in %intraabdominal fat, P = 0.023 vs. wild-type littermates) with less impaired insulin sensitivity at an early stage. High fat feeding did not potentiate insulin secretion in Cdkal1-/- mice (1.0-fold), contrary to the results in wild-type littermates (1.6-fold, P<0.01). Inversely, at a later stage, Cdkal1-/- mice showed more prominent impairment of insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. mRNA expression analysis indicated that Scd1 might function as a critical mediator of the altered metabolism in Cdkal1-/- mice. In accordance with the findings in mice, a nominally significant (P<0.05) association between CDKAL1 rs4712523 and BMI was replicated in 2 Japanese general populations comprising 5,695 and 12,569 samples; the risk allele for type 2 diabetes was also associated with decreased BMI. Conclusions: Cdkal1 gene deletion is accompanied by modestly impaired insulin secretion and longitudinal fluctuations in insulin sensitivity during high-fat feeding in mice. CDKAL1 may affect such compensatory mechanisms regulating glucose homeostasis through interaction with diet.

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