Deoxidation of Titanium Using Mg as Deoxidant in MgCl2-YCl3 Flux

Chenyi Zheng, Takanari Ouchi, Akihiro Iizuka, Yu ki Taninouchi, Toru H. Okabe

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29 Citations (Scopus)


To reduce the oxygen level in titanium (Ti) to less than 1000 mass ppm O, using magnesium as the deoxidant at 1300 K (1027 °C), the activity of the deoxidation product (MgO), i.e., aMgO, in the system must be reduced to less than 0.04, from a thermodynamic viewpoint. In this study, we developed a new deoxidation technique for Ti, by adding yttrium chloride (YCl3) to magnesium chloride (MgCl2) flux, which effectively decreases and maintains the aMgO in the system at a low level, via the formation of yttrium oxychloride (YOCl). Through thermodynamic assessment using a pO2-pCl2 diagram, as well as experiments, the deoxidation of Ti to an oxygen level below 1000 mass ppm O, via the reaction O (in Ti) + Mg + YCl3 → MgCl2 + YOCl, was confirmed. Furthermore, using the E-pO2− diagram of the M-O-Cl system (M = Y, Mg), the possibility of electrochemical deoxidation is discussed. In the MgCl2-YCl3 flux, Mg deposits on the Ti cathode and simultaneously deoxidizes it. The activity of the deoxidation product, MgO, decreases due to the formation of YOCl and/or the electrochemical oxidation of oxide ions on the carbon anode; thus, the deoxidation of Ti becomes feasible. This new deoxidation technique using rare-earth-containing MgCl2 flux can be applied to the recycling of Ti scraps, in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-631
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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