1. In the present study, the depressor action of the dipeptide Val-Tyr, with an in vivo antihypertensive effect, was investigated in transgenic mice carrying the human renin gene cross-mated with mice bearing the human angiotensinogen gene (Tsukuba Hypertensive Mouse; THM). 2. Single oral administration of Val-Tyr (0.1 mg/g) to 11-week-old THM resulted in a prolonged reduction of blood pressure for up to 9 h. The effect clearly demonstrated that the Val-Tyr absorbed acted on the enhanced human renin-angiotensin system (RAS). 3. After Val-Tyr administration, an approximate eightfold higher increment of plasma Val-Tyr was observed at 1 h (3406 ± 211 fmol/mL plasma) compared with the level observed at 0 h; plasma concentrations of Val-Tyr returned to baseline levels at 6 h. 4. Transient changes in plasma concentrations of angiotensin (Ang) I and AngII only at 1 h were consistent with plasma Val-Tyr concentrations, suggesting that that the long-lasting reduction in blood pressure was achieved by the latent hypotensive mechanism of Val-Tyr and not by transient suppression of the circulatory RAS. 5. Ageing of the THM greatly affected the depressor action of Val-Tyr, with no significant reduction in blood pressure observed in 18- and 24-week-old THM.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)