Dermatological legal claims in Japan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Health-care safety management has recently been highlighted for patient safety. However, specialist-based risks in clinical settings have hardly been discussed in Japan so far. A review of dermatological legal claims may delineate these risks. This study examined court precedents from the databases "Courts in Japan" and LEX/DB. Thirty-four dermatology-related civil cases were found from 1968-2006. Of the 34 cases, 32 (94%) were judged and two (6%) were retried. Of these 32 cases, 11 (34%) were appealed to higher courts. Among the 34 litigations, the defendants of eight (23%) were dermatology specialists, 20 (59%) were non-dermatologists and six (18%) of unknown specialty. The defendants' negligence was determined at either level in court in 25 of the 34 cases. The negligence in these 25 cases was categorized into five groups: (i) delayed diagnosis (none); (ii) complication during diagnosis procedure (one, 4%); (iii) inappropriate treatment (nine, 36%); (iv) complication during treatment procedure (10, 40%); and (v) insufficient informed consent (five, 20%). The present study may help to improve strategies for health-care safety management in the dermatological field in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-432
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dermatology
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2008

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Safety Management
Japan
Malpractice
Dermatology
Delivery of Health Care
Delayed Diagnosis
Jurisprudence
Patient Safety
Informed Consent
Databases
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Dermatological legal claims in Japan. / Ogawa, Sachiko; Isogawa, Naoyuki; Ushiro, Shin; Ayuzawa, Junko; Furue, Masutaka.

In: Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 35, No. 7, 01.07.2008, p. 426-432.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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