Design of substrates and inhibitors of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) based on its phosphorylation reaction

Jeong Hun Kang, Riki Toita, Takahito Kawano, Masaharu Murata, Daisuke Asai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) family consists of seven cytosolic serine/threonine (Ser/Thr) protein kinases, and among them, GRK2 is involved in the regulation of an enormous range of both G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and non-GPCR substrates that participate in or regulate many critical cellular processes. GRK2 dysfunction is associated with multiple diseases, including cancers, brain diseases, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, and therefore GRK2-specific substrates/inhibitors are needed not only for studies of GRK2-mediated cellular functions but also for GRK2-targeted drug development. Here, we first review the structure, regulation and functions of GRK2, and its synthetic substrates and inhibitors. We then highlight recent work on synthetic peptide substrates/inhibitors as promising tools for fundamental studies of the physiological functions of GRK2, and as candidates for applications in clinical diagnostics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-870
Number of pages8
JournalAmino Acids
Volume52
Issue number6-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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