Details of retropositional genome dynamics that provide a rationale for a generic division: The distinct branching of all the Pacific salmon and trout (Oncorhynchus) from the Atlantic salmon and trout (Salmo)

Shigenori Murata, Nobuyoshi Takasaki, Masako Saitoh, Hidenori Tachida, Norihiro Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Salmonid species contain numerous short interspersed repetitive elements (SINEs), known collectively as the HpaI family, in tnheir genomes. Amplification and successive integration of individual SINEs into the genomes have occurred during the evolution of salmonids. We reported previously a strategy for determining the phylogenetic relationships among the Pacific salmonids in which these SINEs were used as temporal landmarks of evolution. Here, we provide evidence for extensive genomic rearrangements that involved retropositions and deletions in a common ancestor of all the Pacific salmon and trout. Our results provide genetic support for the recent phylogenetic reassignment of steelhead and related species from the genus Salmo to the genus Oncorhynchus. Several other informative loci identified by insertions of HpaI SINEs have been isolated, and previously proposed branching orders of the Oncorhynchus species have been confirmed. The authenticity of our phylogenetic tree is supported both by the isolation of more than two informative loci per branching point and by the congruence of all our data, which suggest that the period between succesive speciations was sufficiently long for each SINE that had been amplified in the original species to become fixed in all individuals of that species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-926
Number of pages12
JournalGenetics
Volume142
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

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