We determined the correlation between DNA strand breaks and the toxicity of carboquone (CQ) in HeLa cells in vitro and in mouse sarcoma 180 (S-180) cells in vivo, using in situ nick translation. The break sites in the DNA were translated artificially in the presence of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I and [3H]-labelled dTTP, and sites in the DNA were visualized by autoradiographic observation of grains in the nuclei. These breaks appeared as early as 5 min in the CQ-treated HeLa cells and increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner compared to findings in the control cells, i.e., 10.2-fold at 3 × 10-6; M in 60 min. Strand breaks in the S-180 cells appeared in a dose- and time-dependent manner, i.e., 6.1-fold after the mice had been exposed to C Q (3.6 mg/kg) for 2 h. This level correlated with the increase in host life span. Our findings show that the survival response of cells decreases, while the level of DNA strand breaks increases following exposure to C Q. The nick translation method is a rapid in situ assay for determining drug-induced DNA damage of tumor cells, under in vitro and in vivo conditions and in a semiquantitative manner.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research