Detection of transverse cracks in composites by using embedded FBG sensors

Yoji Okabe, Shigeki Yashiro, Tatsuro Kosaka, Nobuo Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present research, fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors were applied for the detection of transverse cracks, which cause strain distribution within the gage length, in carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) cross-ply laminates. An uncoated FBG sensor was embedded in 0° ply on the border of 90° ply in a CFRP cross-ply laminate. The reflection spectra from the FBG sensor were measured at various tensile stresses. As a result, the reflection spectrum became broad and had some peaks with increase of the transverse crack density in the 90° ply. After the crack density was saturated, the spectrum became narrow and had one large peak again. For confirming that the change in the spectrum form was caused by transverse cracks, the spectra were calculated theoretically. The calculated result reproduced the change in the measured spectrum form very well. These results show that the occurrence of transverse cracks can be detected from the change in the form of the reflection spectrum, and the spectrum width at the half-maximum is a good indicator for the quantitative evaluation of the transverse crack density on real-time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-291
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume3986
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000
EventSmart Structures and Materials 2000 - Sensory Phenomena and Measurement Instrumentation for Smart Structures and Materials' - Newport Beach, CA, USA
Duration: Mar 6 2000Mar 8 2000

Fingerprint

Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor
Fiber Bragg gratings
Bragg gratings
Crack
Transverse
cracks
Composite
Cracks
composite materials
fibers
sensors
Sensors
Composite materials
Carbon fiber reinforced plastics
carbon fiber reinforced plastics
Laminates
Carbon Fiber
laminates
Plastics
Tensile stress

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Detection of transverse cracks in composites by using embedded FBG sensors. / Okabe, Yoji; Yashiro, Shigeki; Kosaka, Tatsuro; Takeda, Nobuo.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 3986, 01.01.2000, p. 282-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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