The ζ-factor method is applied to the thickness determination of thin amorphous specimens where the convergent-beam electron diffraction method is not applicable. Characteristic X-ray intensities are first measured using standard specimens in order to determine ζ-factors. These ζ-factors are then used to determine local thicknesses of an amorphous Si and an amorphous Al alloy. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) spectra are acquired at the same positions as for the X-ray measurements. Thus, using the thicknesses measured from the ζ-factor method, the electron meanfree path is determined through the EELS log-ratio method. The mean free path is measured as a function of the collection semi-angle, β, and specimen thickness, and it is also compared with theoretical values. Furthermore, the mean free path of amorphous Si is compared with that of the crystalline Si.
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