A residue of sintering additives is often found at the grain boundaries in sintered ceramics. This can be used to determine the macroscopic properties of the sintered polycrystalline materials. A combination of both high-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) imaging and energy-loss near edge-structure (ELNES) line-profile methods was carried out to measure the chemical width of grain boundaries using the sintering additives. Application of both HRTEM and HAADF imaging methods for boron- and carbon-doped hot-pressed SiC leads to the identification of the structural differences either within the matrix or at the grain boundaries very clearly. Additionally, EELS analysis was also carried out to identify the chemistries and bondings at the grain boundaries. The segregation of both boron and nitrogen is clearly shown, as well as the chemical width measured at the grain boundaries by the ELNES line-profile method. Incorporation of nitrogen within the grain interior was also detected by ELNES analysis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys