The critical hydrogen concentration for hydrogen induced delayed fracture of the AISI 4135 steel at 1320 and 1450 MPa has been determined by constant load tests in combination with numerical calculations, and thus the concept of a critical hydrogen concentration has been verified. The time to fracture was obtained for circumferentially notched round bar specimens under a constant load after electrochemically pre-charged with various hydrogen contents. A numerical model was then developed for calculating the accumulated hydrogen concentration in the vicinity of the notch root, taking into account the driving effect of the hydrostatic stress on hydrogen transport. The results showed that the delayed fracture of the steel occurred when a critical hydrogen concentration at the location of the stress peak was reached by accumulation, and that the time to fracture was related to the stress-driven hydrogen accumulation process. The critical hydrogen concentration was dependent not only on the strength level, but also on the stress concentration factor of the specimens.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)