Determining changes in the state of stress associated with an earthquake via combined focal mechanism and moment tensor analysis: Application to the 2013 Awaji Island earthquake, Japan

Satoshi Matsumoto, Hiroshi Katao, Yoshihisa Iio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One approach that can be used to evaluate the potential for an earthquake occurrence is the detection of the stress concentration at an earthquake fault. While the stress fields for pre- and post-seismic event stages differ, this change cannot provide information regarding the potential for an earthquake. Here, we propose a detection method for states of stress that uses focal mechanism data from microearthquakes. The state of stress can be defined both by the background stress and by a moment tensor equivalent to the stress concentration. We applied this method to actual focal mechanism data from the 2013 Awaji Island earthquake (M6.3), Japan, and the results showed the presence of stress concentration around the earthquake fault before the mainshock. In addition, the regional differential stress was shown to be about 13. MPa. The magnitude of the obtained stress concentration in the focal area and the high dip angle of the mainshock fault imply that the faulting occurred in the crust where it was overpressurized to a level near the lithostatic pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-67
Number of pages10
JournalTectonophysics
Volume649
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 9 2015

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tensor analysis
moment tensor
focal mechanism
stress concentration
Japan
earthquakes
moments
earthquake
stress distribution
microearthquake
crusts
detection method
analysis
occurrences
tensors
stress field
dip
faulting
crust

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

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AU - Matsumoto, Satoshi

AU - Katao, Hiroshi

AU - Iio, Yoshihisa

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AB - One approach that can be used to evaluate the potential for an earthquake occurrence is the detection of the stress concentration at an earthquake fault. While the stress fields for pre- and post-seismic event stages differ, this change cannot provide information regarding the potential for an earthquake. Here, we propose a detection method for states of stress that uses focal mechanism data from microearthquakes. The state of stress can be defined both by the background stress and by a moment tensor equivalent to the stress concentration. We applied this method to actual focal mechanism data from the 2013 Awaji Island earthquake (M6.3), Japan, and the results showed the presence of stress concentration around the earthquake fault before the mainshock. In addition, the regional differential stress was shown to be about 13. MPa. The magnitude of the obtained stress concentration in the focal area and the high dip angle of the mainshock fault imply that the faulting occurred in the crust where it was overpressurized to a level near the lithostatic pressure.

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