Development of a knee joint motion simulator to evaluate deep knee flexion of artificial knee joints

Y. Takano, M. Ueno, Kazuo Kiguchi, J. Itou, M. Mawatari, T. Hotokebuchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A purpose of this study is to examine the effect that quadriceps femoris force gives to rotation angle and joint reaction force of total knee prosthesis during deep knee flexion such as a unique sitting style called "seiza" in Japanese. For the evaluation, we developed the knee motion simulator which could bend to 180 degrees continually simulating the passive flexion performed by clinicians. A total knee prosthesis, which is a specially-devised posterior stabilized type and capable of flexion up to 180 degrees, was inserted into bone model. And this prosthesis pulled by three kinds of quadriceps femoris forces to perform parameter study. The results obtained in this study were showed the same tendency with those in the past cadaveric experiment. It is suggested that the rotation angle and joint reaction force of total knee prosthesis are affected by shape of prosthesis, a vector of quadriceps femoris force, and bony aliments during deep knee flexion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS'08
Pages4571-4574
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS'08 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Aug 20 2008Aug 25 2008

Other

Other30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS'08
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period8/20/088/25/08

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Takano, Y., Ueno, M., Kiguchi, K., Itou, J., Mawatari, M., & Hotokebuchi, T. (2008). Development of a knee joint motion simulator to evaluate deep knee flexion of artificial knee joints. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS'08 (pp. 4571-4574). [4650230]