Development of a Monte Carlo code for the data analysis of the 18F(p,α) 15O reaction at astrophysical energies

A. Caruso, S. Cherubini, C. Spitaleri, V. Crucillà, M. Gulino, M. La Cognata, L. Lamia, G. Rapisarda, S. Romano, Ml Sergi, S. Kubono, H. Yamaguchi, S. Hayakawa, Y. Wakabayashi, N. Iwasa, S. Kato, T. Komatsubara, Takashi Teranishi, A. Coc, F. HammacheN. De Séréville

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Novae are astrophysical events (violent explosion) occurring in close binary systems consisting of a white dwarf and a main-sequence star or a star in a more advanced stage of evolution. They are called "narrow systems" because the two components interact with each other: there is a process of mass exchange with resulting in the transfer of matter from the companion star to the white dwarf, leading to the formation of this last of the so-called accretion disk, rich mainly of hydrogen. Over time, more and more material accumulates until the pressure and the temperature reached are sufficient to trigger nuclear fusion reactions, rapidly converting a large part of the hydrogen into heavier elements. The products of "hot hydrogen burning" are then placed in the interstellar medium as a result of violent explosions. Studies on the element abundances observed in these events can provide important information about the stages of evolution stellar. During the outbursts of novae some radioactive isotopes are synthesized: in particular, the decay of short-lived nuclei such as 13N and 18F with subsequent emission of gamma radiation energy below 511 keV. The gamma rays from products electron-positron annihilation of positrons emitted in the decay of 18F are the most abundant and the first observable as soon as the atmosphere of the nova starts to become transparent to gamma radiation. Hence the importance of the study of nuclear reactions that lead both to the formation and to the destruction of 18F. Among these, the 18F(p,α)15O reaction is one of the main channels of destruction. This reaction was then studied at energies of astrophysical interest. The experiment done at Riken, Japan, has as its objective the study of the 18F(p,α)15O reaction, using a beam of 18F produced at CRIB, to derive important information about the phenomenon of novae. In this paper we present the experimental technique and the Monte Carlo code developed to be used in the data analysis process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars - Carpathian Summer School of Physics 2014, CSSP 2014
EditorsDaniela Chesneanu, Livius Trache, Calin Alexandru Ur
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages306-310
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780735412842
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
EventCarpathian Summer School of Physics 2014: Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars, CSSP 2014 - Sinaia, Romania
Duration: Jul 13 2014Jul 26 2014

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1645
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

ConferenceCarpathian Summer School of Physics 2014: Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars, CSSP 2014
CountryRomania
CitySinaia
Period7/13/147/26/14

Fingerprint

novae
astrophysics
gamma rays
destruction
explosions
hydrogen
companion stars
energy
stellar evolution
main sequence stars
decay
heavy elements
products
positron annihilation
nuclear fusion
nuclear reactions
accretion disks
radioactive isotopes
positrons
Japan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Caruso, A., Cherubini, S., Spitaleri, C., Crucillà, V., Gulino, M., La Cognata, M., ... De Séréville, N. (2015). Development of a Monte Carlo code for the data analysis of the 18F(p,α) 15O reaction at astrophysical energies. In D. Chesneanu, L. Trache, & C. A. Ur (Eds.), Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars - Carpathian Summer School of Physics 2014, CSSP 2014 (pp. 306-310). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1645). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4909591

Development of a Monte Carlo code for the data analysis of the 18F(p,α) 15O reaction at astrophysical energies. / Caruso, A.; Cherubini, S.; Spitaleri, C.; Crucillà, V.; Gulino, M.; La Cognata, M.; Lamia, L.; Rapisarda, G.; Romano, S.; Sergi, Ml; Kubono, S.; Yamaguchi, H.; Hayakawa, S.; Wakabayashi, Y.; Iwasa, N.; Kato, S.; Komatsubara, T.; Teranishi, Takashi; Coc, A.; Hammache, F.; De Séréville, N.

Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars - Carpathian Summer School of Physics 2014, CSSP 2014. ed. / Daniela Chesneanu; Livius Trache; Calin Alexandru Ur. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. p. 306-310 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1645).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Caruso, A, Cherubini, S, Spitaleri, C, Crucillà, V, Gulino, M, La Cognata, M, Lamia, L, Rapisarda, G, Romano, S, Sergi, M, Kubono, S, Yamaguchi, H, Hayakawa, S, Wakabayashi, Y, Iwasa, N, Kato, S, Komatsubara, T, Teranishi, T, Coc, A, Hammache, F & De Séréville, N 2015, Development of a Monte Carlo code for the data analysis of the 18F(p,α) 15O reaction at astrophysical energies. in D Chesneanu, L Trache & CA Ur (eds), Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars - Carpathian Summer School of Physics 2014, CSSP 2014. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1645, American Institute of Physics Inc., pp. 306-310, Carpathian Summer School of Physics 2014: Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars, CSSP 2014, Sinaia, Romania, 7/13/14. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4909591
Caruso A, Cherubini S, Spitaleri C, Crucillà V, Gulino M, La Cognata M et al. Development of a Monte Carlo code for the data analysis of the 18F(p,α) 15O reaction at astrophysical energies. In Chesneanu D, Trache L, Ur CA, editors, Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars - Carpathian Summer School of Physics 2014, CSSP 2014. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2015. p. 306-310. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4909591
Caruso, A. ; Cherubini, S. ; Spitaleri, C. ; Crucillà, V. ; Gulino, M. ; La Cognata, M. ; Lamia, L. ; Rapisarda, G. ; Romano, S. ; Sergi, Ml ; Kubono, S. ; Yamaguchi, H. ; Hayakawa, S. ; Wakabayashi, Y. ; Iwasa, N. ; Kato, S. ; Komatsubara, T. ; Teranishi, Takashi ; Coc, A. ; Hammache, F. ; De Séréville, N. / Development of a Monte Carlo code for the data analysis of the 18F(p,α) 15O reaction at astrophysical energies. Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars - Carpathian Summer School of Physics 2014, CSSP 2014. editor / Daniela Chesneanu ; Livius Trache ; Calin Alexandru Ur. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. pp. 306-310 (AIP Conference Proceedings).
@inproceedings{0603af79898848e784ebef55efed5323,
title = "Development of a Monte Carlo code for the data analysis of the 18F(p,α) 15O reaction at astrophysical energies",
abstract = "Novae are astrophysical events (violent explosion) occurring in close binary systems consisting of a white dwarf and a main-sequence star or a star in a more advanced stage of evolution. They are called {"}narrow systems{"} because the two components interact with each other: there is a process of mass exchange with resulting in the transfer of matter from the companion star to the white dwarf, leading to the formation of this last of the so-called accretion disk, rich mainly of hydrogen. Over time, more and more material accumulates until the pressure and the temperature reached are sufficient to trigger nuclear fusion reactions, rapidly converting a large part of the hydrogen into heavier elements. The products of {"}hot hydrogen burning{"} are then placed in the interstellar medium as a result of violent explosions. Studies on the element abundances observed in these events can provide important information about the stages of evolution stellar. During the outbursts of novae some radioactive isotopes are synthesized: in particular, the decay of short-lived nuclei such as 13N and 18F with subsequent emission of gamma radiation energy below 511 keV. The gamma rays from products electron-positron annihilation of positrons emitted in the decay of 18F are the most abundant and the first observable as soon as the atmosphere of the nova starts to become transparent to gamma radiation. Hence the importance of the study of nuclear reactions that lead both to the formation and to the destruction of 18F. Among these, the 18F(p,α)15O reaction is one of the main channels of destruction. This reaction was then studied at energies of astrophysical interest. The experiment done at Riken, Japan, has as its objective the study of the 18F(p,α)15O reaction, using a beam of 18F produced at CRIB, to derive important information about the phenomenon of novae. In this paper we present the experimental technique and the Monte Carlo code developed to be used in the data analysis process.",
author = "A. Caruso and S. Cherubini and C. Spitaleri and V. Crucill{\`a} and M. Gulino and {La Cognata}, M. and L. Lamia and G. Rapisarda and S. Romano and Ml Sergi and S. Kubono and H. Yamaguchi and S. Hayakawa and Y. Wakabayashi and N. Iwasa and S. Kato and T. Komatsubara and Takashi Teranishi and A. Coc and F. Hammache and {De S{\'e}r{\'e}ville}, N.",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1063/1.4909591",
language = "English",
series = "AIP Conference Proceedings",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",
pages = "306--310",
editor = "Daniela Chesneanu and Livius Trache and Ur, {Calin Alexandru}",
booktitle = "Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars - Carpathian Summer School of Physics 2014, CSSP 2014",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Development of a Monte Carlo code for the data analysis of the 18F(p,α) 15O reaction at astrophysical energies

AU - Caruso, A.

AU - Cherubini, S.

AU - Spitaleri, C.

AU - Crucillà, V.

AU - Gulino, M.

AU - La Cognata, M.

AU - Lamia, L.

AU - Rapisarda, G.

AU - Romano, S.

AU - Sergi, Ml

AU - Kubono, S.

AU - Yamaguchi, H.

AU - Hayakawa, S.

AU - Wakabayashi, Y.

AU - Iwasa, N.

AU - Kato, S.

AU - Komatsubara, T.

AU - Teranishi, Takashi

AU - Coc, A.

AU - Hammache, F.

AU - De Séréville, N.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Novae are astrophysical events (violent explosion) occurring in close binary systems consisting of a white dwarf and a main-sequence star or a star in a more advanced stage of evolution. They are called "narrow systems" because the two components interact with each other: there is a process of mass exchange with resulting in the transfer of matter from the companion star to the white dwarf, leading to the formation of this last of the so-called accretion disk, rich mainly of hydrogen. Over time, more and more material accumulates until the pressure and the temperature reached are sufficient to trigger nuclear fusion reactions, rapidly converting a large part of the hydrogen into heavier elements. The products of "hot hydrogen burning" are then placed in the interstellar medium as a result of violent explosions. Studies on the element abundances observed in these events can provide important information about the stages of evolution stellar. During the outbursts of novae some radioactive isotopes are synthesized: in particular, the decay of short-lived nuclei such as 13N and 18F with subsequent emission of gamma radiation energy below 511 keV. The gamma rays from products electron-positron annihilation of positrons emitted in the decay of 18F are the most abundant and the first observable as soon as the atmosphere of the nova starts to become transparent to gamma radiation. Hence the importance of the study of nuclear reactions that lead both to the formation and to the destruction of 18F. Among these, the 18F(p,α)15O reaction is one of the main channels of destruction. This reaction was then studied at energies of astrophysical interest. The experiment done at Riken, Japan, has as its objective the study of the 18F(p,α)15O reaction, using a beam of 18F produced at CRIB, to derive important information about the phenomenon of novae. In this paper we present the experimental technique and the Monte Carlo code developed to be used in the data analysis process.

AB - Novae are astrophysical events (violent explosion) occurring in close binary systems consisting of a white dwarf and a main-sequence star or a star in a more advanced stage of evolution. They are called "narrow systems" because the two components interact with each other: there is a process of mass exchange with resulting in the transfer of matter from the companion star to the white dwarf, leading to the formation of this last of the so-called accretion disk, rich mainly of hydrogen. Over time, more and more material accumulates until the pressure and the temperature reached are sufficient to trigger nuclear fusion reactions, rapidly converting a large part of the hydrogen into heavier elements. The products of "hot hydrogen burning" are then placed in the interstellar medium as a result of violent explosions. Studies on the element abundances observed in these events can provide important information about the stages of evolution stellar. During the outbursts of novae some radioactive isotopes are synthesized: in particular, the decay of short-lived nuclei such as 13N and 18F with subsequent emission of gamma radiation energy below 511 keV. The gamma rays from products electron-positron annihilation of positrons emitted in the decay of 18F are the most abundant and the first observable as soon as the atmosphere of the nova starts to become transparent to gamma radiation. Hence the importance of the study of nuclear reactions that lead both to the formation and to the destruction of 18F. Among these, the 18F(p,α)15O reaction is one of the main channels of destruction. This reaction was then studied at energies of astrophysical interest. The experiment done at Riken, Japan, has as its objective the study of the 18F(p,α)15O reaction, using a beam of 18F produced at CRIB, to derive important information about the phenomenon of novae. In this paper we present the experimental technique and the Monte Carlo code developed to be used in the data analysis process.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85034094646&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85034094646&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4909591

DO - 10.1063/1.4909591

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85034094646

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

SP - 306

EP - 310

BT - Exotic Nuclei and Nuclear/Particle Astrophysics (V). From Nuclei to Stars - Carpathian Summer School of Physics 2014, CSSP 2014

A2 - Chesneanu, Daniela

A2 - Trache, Livius

A2 - Ur, Calin Alexandru

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -