Development of a neutron detector with a high position resolution at intermediate energies

Y. Kubota, M. Sasano, T. Uesaka, M. Dozono, M. Itoh, S. Kawase, M. Kobayashi, C. S. Lee, H. Matsubara, K. Miki, H. Miya, Y. Ono, S. Ota, K. Sekiguchi, T. Shima, T. Taguchi, T. L. Tang, H. Tokieda, T. Wakasa, T. WakuiJ. Yasuda, J. Zenihiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A high position resolution neutron detector for time-of-flight measurements is being developed to measure the [Formula presented] reaction in inverse kinematics with an excitation energy resolution of 1 MeV at the RIKEN RI Beam Factory. In this study, a new method based on the segmentation of the neutron detector part is employed to achieve a position resolution on the order of mm with a prototype neutron detector. The prototype detector consists of 8 × 8 scintillating fibers, two multi-anode photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) and two light guides. The scintillating fibers have a cross sectional area of [Formula presented]. The prototype's performance is studied using the neutron and proton beams provided at the Cyclotron and Radioisotope Center (CYRIC), Tohoku University and the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University. It is confirmed that the hit pattern analysis correctly recognizes the neutron detection position within the fiber size of 3.75 mm. The obtained TOF resolution of 350 ps (FWHM), lateral position resolution of 2.5 mm (FWHM), and longitudinal position resolution of 50–60 mm (FWHM) satisfy the requirements to achieve an excitation energy resolution of 1 MeV. The typical detection efficiency is [Formula presented]2.0% for a neutron with a kinetic energy of 50–200 MeV. The detailed investigation of the detection efficiency in conjunction with the neutron hit position reveals the existence of the non-uniformity of the efficiency. It is shown that the non-uniformity can be mitigated by reducing the threshold level, and by increasing the detector size. For a larger neutron detector, based on the design of the prototype detector, the non-uniformity will thus be negligible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-41
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume914
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 11 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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