Purpose: This study was conducted in order to develop a novel noninvasive system for measurement and imaging of the arterial oxygen density ratio (ODR) in the retinal microcirculation. Methods: We developed a system composed of two digital cameras with two different filters, which were attached to a fundus camera capable of simultaneously obtaining two images. Actual measurements were performed on healthy volunteer eyes (n = 61). A new algorithm for ODR measurement and pixel-level imaging of erythrocytes was constructed from these data. The algorithm was based on the morphological closing operation and the line convergence index filter. For system calibration, we compared and verified the ODR values in arterioles and venules that were specified in advance for 56 eyes with reproducibility. In 10 additional volunteers, ODR measurements and imaging of the arterial phase in the retinal microcirculation corresponding to changes in oxygen saturation of the peripheral arteries at normal breathing and breath holding were performed. Results: Estimation of incident light to erythrocytes and pixel-level ODR calculation were achieved using the algorithm. The mean ODR values of arterioles and venules were 0.77 ± 0.060 and 1.02 ± 0.067, respectively. It was possible to separate these regions, calibrate at the pixel level, and estimate the arterial phase. In each of the 10 volunteers, changes in the arterial phase ODR corresponding to changes in oxygen saturation of the peripheral arteries were observed before and after breath holding on ODR images. The mean ODR in 10 volunteers was increased by breath holding (p < 0.05). Conclusions: We developed a basic system for arterial phase ODR measurement and imaging of the retinal microcirculation. With further validation and development, this may provide a useful tool for evaluating retinal oxygen metabolism in the retinal microcirculation.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 4 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience