A surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor for detection of 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT), which is a signature compound of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene-related explosives, was developed by using a novel oligo (ethylene glycol) (OEG)-based sensor surface. A rabbit polyclonal antibody against 2,4-DNT (anti-DNPh-KLH-400 antibody) was prepared, and the avidity for 2,4-DNT and recognition capability were investigated by indirect competitive ELISA. The sensor surface was fabricated by immobilizing a 2,4-DNT analog onto an OEG-based self-assembled monolayer formed on a gold surface via an OEG linker. The fabricated surface was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared-refractive absorption spectrometry (FTIR-RAS). The immunosensing of 2,4-DNT is based on the indirect competitive principle, in which the immunoreaction between the anti-DNPh-KLH-400 antibody and 2,4-DNT on the sensor surface was inhibited in the presence of free 2,4-DNT in solution. The limit of detection for the immunosensor, calculated as three times the standard deviation of a blank value, was 20 pg mL-1, and the linear dynamic range was found to be between 1 and 100 ng mL-1. Additionally, the fabricated OEG-based surface effectively prevented non-specific adsorption of proteins, and the specific response to anti-DNPh-KLH-400 antibody was maintained for more than 30 measurement cycles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry