A phase transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter was developed for the energy-dispersive measurement of LX-ray photons emitted by transuranium elements. The phase transition temperature of the TES was designed to be 200mK using a bilayer structure of Au of 120 nm thickness and Ti of 50 nm thickness. A Au layer of 5.0 mm thickness was deposited on the Au/Ti bilayer to achieve an absorption efficiency of 50% and counting rate of 100 counts per second in the detection of LX-ray photons with energy from 10 to 20 keV. The TES microcalorimeter was operated for the detection of LX-ray photons emitted by 241Am, 238Pu, and 239Pu sources. A decay time constant of 180 ms for the detection signal pulses allowed the TES microcalorimeter to operate with a counting rate higher than 100 counts per second. The achieved energy resolution was 50 eV for the full width at half maximum of a peak corresponding to a 237Np Lβ1 X-ray of 17.75 keV.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering