Development of adiabatic calorimetry system for enthalpy of gas absorption/adsorption and its application to H2/D2 absorption into palladium nanoparticles

Hiroshi Akiba, Naoki Hashimoto, Maiko Kofu, Hirokazu Kobayashi, Hiroshi Kitagawa, Osamu Yamamuro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed a new adiabatic calorimetry system for enthalpy of gas absorption/adsorption process. The sample cell is designed to be extremely small as a calorimeter cell with a resistance thermometer; mass: 4.34 g, inner volume: 1.06 cc. A thin stainless steel tube is connected at the lid of the cell to introduce a gas. A gas handling system was also constructed to introduce a gas slowly and measure the amounts of the absorbed/adsorbed gas precisely via a pVT method. As the first work on this system, we measured the enthalpies of H2/D2 absorption into Pd nanoparticles with an average diameter of ca. 8 nm. The obtained values are ΔabsH(H) = –(18.15 ± 0.87) kJmol–1 and ΔabsH(D) = –(18.17 ± 0.38) kJmol–1 at 298 K. These values are considerably smaller than those of bulk Pd. The isotope effect are discussed semi-quantitatively on the basis of the potential energy surfaces at the H/D sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-91
Number of pages5
JournalThermochimica Acta
Volume670
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 10 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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