This study aimed to develop an in vitro model for the analysis of the bovine endometrium. Immunofluorescent staining revealed that the hetero-spheroids and the cultured explants showed almost similar structure in the localization of bovine endometrial epithelial cells and endometrial stromal cells, except the glandular-like structure of the epithelial cells inside the explants. Gelatin zymography revealed that the hetero-spheroids did not express matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) after 4 days of culture, but strong MMP expressions were observed in the cultured explants until 7 days of culture. Additionally, expression of progesterone receptor (PR), estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), type I interferon receptor 1 (IFNAR1) and 2 (IFNAR2) messenger RNA was observed both in the homo- and hetero-spheroids. The expression of oxytocin receptor (OTR) mRNA in E2 and E2+P4 (1,3,5(10)-Estratrien-3, 17β-diol + 4-Pregnen-3, 20-dinone) treated groups were significantly (P<0.05) higher than that of the control group of spheroids. In case of cultured explants, the expression of PR and OTR mRNA were significantly (P<0.05) higher in E2 treated groups compared to the control groups. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) mRNA expression was also higher in P4 treated groups at 10 days in culture (P<0.05). In a nutshell, the in vitro model developed in this study for the analysis of the endometrium may provide a new platform for extensive research on bovine endometrial function.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)