Background: A cytoplasm of CW-type cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) line is derived from Oryza rufipogon strain W1 and fertility is restored by a single nuclear gene, Rf17. We have previously reported that CW-CMS were effective for breeding CMS lines of Indica Group rice cultivars, IR 24 and IR 64. The applicability of this CW-CMS/Rf17 system to produce other elite Indica Group rice cultivars with CMS was explored. Findings: Out of seven elite Indica Group rice cultivars, complete CMS lines were obtained for six cultivars: NSIC Rc 160, NSIC Rc 240, Ciherang, BRRI dhan 29, NERICA-L-19, and Pusa Basmati. The fertility of these six lines was restored when Rf17 was present. A CMS line was not obtained for the cultivar Samba Mahsuri. Conclusions: The CW-CMS/Rf17 system will be useful to produce CMS lines and restorer lines of various elite Indica Group rice cultivars.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Soil Science
- Plant Science