Development of eco-friendly paving block incorporating co-burning palm oil-processed tea waste ash

M. A. Caronge, A. T. Lando, I. Djamaluddin, M. W. Tjaronge, D. Runtulalo

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study explores the development of eco-friendly paving block incorporating co-burning palm oil-processed tea waste ash (POPTA). POPTA was collected from the local tea processing plants and used to manufacture paving block at a local paving block industry with dosages ranging from 10 to 60% by cement weight. The properties of the paving block were investigated, including bulk density and compressive strength. Results show that the POPTA produced a lighter weight paving block. It also decreased the compressive strength of the paving block. Incorporating up to 40% of POPTA as cement replacement satisfied the minimum standard compressive strength requirements for the Class D paving block according to SNI-03-0691-1996. Utilization of POPTA in production paving block could mitigate the landfilling of this by-product and lead to the development of eco-friendly and economical construction materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012158
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume419
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 8 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Conference on Civil and Environmental Engineering, ICCEE 2019 - Kuta, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: Aug 29 2019Aug 30 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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