Rapid detection of fuel failures as well as failed fuel location are quite important for safety in fast reactor operation. As one of the failed fuel detection and location (FFDL) techniques, a tagging method has been adopted, where a tag gas with different isotopic abundance of krypton (Kr) and xenon (Xe) is loaded into each fuel pin, and analyzed when leaked into cover gas with fuel failure. On the other hand, with recent improvement of laser performance, resonance ionization mass spectrometry (RIMS), which can detect specific atoms with high sensitivity and elemental selectivity, has been practicable in engineering application. We propose a new FFDL technique for fast reactor safety instrumentation based on monitoring of a very small amount of the Kr/Xe tag gas leaked into the cover gas by RIMS. Here are discussed the basic performance necessary to the design of RIMS-FFDL such as the detection limit and the elemental selectivity of Kr and Xe through basic experiments and numerical analyses. The applicability of the RIMS system to FFDL for fast reactors is also demonstrated through the detection and isotopic analysis of ppb level Kr/Xe tag gas in the cover gas sampled from the fast experimental reactor “JOYO”.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering