Development of failed fuel detection and location technique using resonance ionization mass spectrometry

Kenichi Watanabe, Tetsuo Iguchi, Toshiyuki Ogita, Akira Uritani, Hideki Harano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid detection of fuel failures as well as failed fuel location are quite important for safety in fast reactor operation. As one of the failed fuel detection and location (FFDL) techniques, a tagging method has been adopted, where a tag gas with different isotopic abundance of krypton (Kr) and xenon (Xe) is loaded into each fuel pin, and analyzed when leaked into cover gas with fuel failure. On the other hand, with recent improvement of laser performance, resonance ionization mass spectrometry (RIMS), which can detect specific atoms with high sensitivity and elemental selectivity, has been practicable in engineering application. We propose a new FFDL technique for fast reactor safety instrumentation based on monitoring of a very small amount of the Kr/Xe tag gas leaked into the cover gas by RIMS. Here are discussed the basic performance necessary to the design of RIMS-FFDL such as the detection limit and the elemental selectivity of Kr and Xe through basic experiments and numerical analyses. The applicability of the RIMS system to FFDL for fast reactors is also demonstrated through the detection and isotopic analysis of ppb level Kr/Xe tag gas in the cover gas sampled from the fast experimental reactor “JOYO”.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844-849
Number of pages6
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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