A flexible paper-structured catalyst (PSC) that can be applied to the anode of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) was examined for its potential to enable direct internal reforming (DIR) operation. The catalytic activity of three types of Ni-loaded PSCs: (a) without the dispersion of support oxide particles in the fiber network (PSC-A), (b) with the dispersion of (Mg,Al)O derived from hydrotalcite (PSC–B), and (c) with the dispersion of (Ce,Zr)O2-δ (PSC–C), for dry reforming of CH4 was evaluated at operating temperatures of 650–800 °C. Among the PSCs, PSC-C exhibited the highest CH4 conversion with the lowest degradation rate. The electrochemical performance of an electrolyte-supported cell (ESC) was evaluated under the flow of simulated biogas at 750 °C for cases without and with the PSCs on the anode. The application of the PSCs improved the cell performance. In particular, PSC-C had a remarkably positive effect on stabilizing DIRSOFC operation fueled by biogas.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology